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Information for Action Pillar Sub-programme
Suffering from the prolonged effects of civil war for nearly twenty years, Somalia’s institutional capacity has been lost and most professional and skilled expertise has left the country. Also, one and a half decades of civil strife in Somalia have resulted in the loss or damage of most of the water and land-related information collected in the previous half century. Data and information have not been collected and analysed in South Central Somalia since 1991. Since then much of the data and information collected has become out of date, has limited relevance or has been lost or destroyed.
FAO Somalia strongly believes in its global mandate, and that timely and accurate food security, nutrition and natural resources information is not only a high priority for quick informed decision-making for donors, humanitarian actors and local authorities but also a crucial step to ensure that Somali food, nutrition and livelihood security, at the household level, will be strengthened thereby ensuring greater resilience to future “shocks” such as conflict, drought, flood and diseases.
In line with the FAO Somalia’s three year Programme (2013-2015) the Information for Action Sub-Programme constitutes one of the three pillars of FAO’s four-year Country Programming Framework (CPF) for Somalia (2014-2017) which is currently under finalization.
Indeed, the CPF, as an evolution of the FAO’s 2013-2015 Programme, details priorities and interventions based on three pillars, namely: Resilience; Institutional Capacity Development and Policy Support; and Information for Action.
FAO continuously monitors the status of Somali natural resources as well as food, nutrition and livelihood security and then compiles the data and regularly provides international and Somali partners with timely and accurate information. Through this Pillar Sub-Programme FAO intends to continue contributing towards disaster risk reduction and management, as well as providing an information platform for managing the already fragile Somali ecosystem. In order to cope with these challenges, FAO Somalia operates through its two technical bodies, i) the FAO Somalia’s Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) and ii) the Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM).
FSNAU remains the primary source of information on food security, nutrition and livelihoods in Somalia and its independence ensures neutral and objective analysis. The early warning function of the FSNAU is now considered very effective. Most organizations and agencies operational in Somalia are drawing upon food security, nutrition and livelihoods analysis to determine their own programme interventions. SWALIM is a long-term water and land information management programme that consists of several consecutive phases. It contributes to sustainable private sector-led economic rural development and supports the food security of populations affected by disasters, mainly droughts, floods and resource based conflicts. The use of SWALIM information in water and land resources management, early warning, preparedness, response and resilience building, allows informed decision-making, sustainable natural resources management, planning and interventions.