Lebanon Plan of Action for Resilient Livelihoods 2014-2018

Lebanon Plan of Action for Resilient Livelihoods 2014-2018
May 2014

Since March 2011, the conflict in Syria has resulted in massive influxes of refugees across the region, primarily into neighbouring LebanonJordanTurkey, and Iraq. Lebanon hosts the greatest number: 1.7 million people (including 1.2 million registered refugees), living in the poorest sections of Lebanese communities and in some cases outnumbering local citizens. Against a pre-crisis population of around 4 million, Lebanon now has the highest concentration of refugees in the world, with around one registered Syrian refugee for every three Lebanese.

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) convened specialists in Lebanon in November and December 2013 to formulate an FAO-led agriculture and food security programme that could feed into the Stabilization Plan and related Roadmap. The proposed Plan of Action, summarized herein, is part of FAO’s Subregional Strategy “Resilient Livelihoods for Agriculture and Food and Nutrition Security in Areas Affected by the Syria Crisis”. It aligns with existing regional frameworks for addressing the Syria crisis, such as the Syria Regional Response Plan, the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs-led Regional Comprehensive Strategy, and the United Nations Development Group Position Paper “A Resilience-Based Development Response to the Syria Crisis”.