South Sudan livestock strategy paper

South Sudan livestock strategy paper
Mar 2015

Situation Overview

The political crisis in South Sudan has resulted in massive fighting among rival military and tribal groups since December 2013. This situation has caused countrywide insecurity, massive displacement of men, women and children and loss of livelihoods assets. Crisis-induced factors have worsened the situation of livestock-dependent populations and significantly affected livestock mobility and traditional migration routes and patterns – the most critical element of any pastoral production system.

Consequently, pastoralists have become unable to access traditional water and pasture resources as well as markets. Insecurity is forcing pastoralists with large numbers of cattle to abandon pastoral domains; pastoralists are fleeing to other areas within their states or into other states or regions such as Lakes, Warrap, Upper Nile and Greater Equatoria. These movements have resulted in the intermingling of livestock from different geographical areas, as well as of pastoralist populations and pastoralist and farming populations, giving rise to significant tensions.

In contrast to pastoral livestock mobility in stable settings, where traditional migrations are formed over time to support the efficient use of the natural resources, in the current crisis pastoralist migration is being driven by the need to save lives and livestock. Insecurity and the associated violent appropriation of assets, cattle raiding en route and in other areas, livestock diseases, and availability of grazing resources and water are some of the factors influencing the means, routes and destinations of pastoralist movements.