FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission to the Syrian Arab Republic, 23 July 2015

FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission to the Syrian Arab Republic, 23 July 2015
Jul 2015

Highlights:

  • Although 40 percent lower than the pre-conflict levels, wheat production in 2015, estimated at 2.445 million tonnes, is significantly better than the very poor harvest of 2014 and slightly better than that of 2013. This is mainly due to seasonal rainfall in 2014/15 that was the best in many years in terms of both quantity and distribution and, to some extent, helped mitigate the devastating impact of the conflict on the agricultural sector as a whole.
  • There is an estimated shortfall of about 800 000 tonnes in the country’s national wheat requirement of 4.854 million tonnes.
  • Being predominantly rainfed, barley production, at 968 000 tonnes, was the best since 2006 despite the fact that it came from the smallest area during that period.
  • Crop production was adversely affected by all the consequences of the continuing crisis, scarcity and high prices of agricultural inputs and fuel, inputs of unreliable quality, damaged irrigation systems, low levels of mechanization, shortages and high cost of farm labour, and destruction of standing crops.