Nepal earthquakes - Executive brief 25 August 2015

Nepal earthquakes - Executive brief 25 August 2015
Aug 2015


  • FAO continues to support Government-led efforts to address food security and livelihood needs in the six districts most severely affected by the earthquakes: Sindhupalchowk, Nuwakot, Dhading, Gorkha, Rasuwa, Dolakha.
  • FAO has already reached more than 130 000 vulnerable households with emergency assistance, helping them to produce more food, protect existing food stores and improve the nutrition of families and livestock (providing rice seeds, grain storage bags, vegetable seeds and animal mineral supplements).
  • While emergency interventions to improve food security and nutrition are still needed – particularly in remote areas – now is also a critical time to help vulnerable farmers begin early recovery and rebuild resilient livelihoods.
  • FAO will help Nepal’s farmers cope better with future crises by investing in these early recovery activities:
    – Prevent post-harvest losses by providing immediate grain storage capacity.
    – Ensure vegetable and winter wheat crop planting through the provision of seeds.
    – Avoid a failure of upcoming winter crops by repairing small-scale irrigation infrastructure through community work.
    – Keep animals healthy and productive through the provision of mineral mixture, winter fodder seeds and equipment and training to produce mineral blocks.
    – Improve nutrition and promote income generation by helping rural women’s groups to develop year-round vegetable production.
  • In early June, the Nepal Food Security Cluster (FSC) released the ‘Agricultural Livelihood Impact Appraisal’ – an FSC
    exercise led by FAO – containing the first detailed analysis of the earthquakes’ impact on the crops, livestock, seed, farming tools and fertilizer of farming families in the six most affected districts. Key findings included:
    – very significant impact on stored crops (particularly rice, maize, millet) and seed availability (particularly rice, millet).
    – significant animal losses (cattle 16 percent; poultry 36 percent), animal health risks and reduced production.
    – damage to irrigation and other agricultural infrastructure
    – high agricultural tool loss, reduced household access to fertilizer and steep reduction in farm labour availability.
  • FAO also supported the Government’s Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA), taking a lead role in the agriculture sector component.