BEFS Detailed Analysis
The BEFS Detailed Analysis covers four main areas: Diagnostic Analysis; Natural resources Analysis; Techno-economic and environmental analysis, and Socio-economic Analysis.
The Diagnostic Analysis examines trends in domestic agricultural markets and domestic food security.
The Natural Resource Assessment covers crops and forestry.
- Crops: This allows stakeholders to identify the areas suitable for bioenergy crop production under different agricultural production systems and levels of inputs. Land is assessed for its suitability for production of the selected crops by taking into account climate, soil and site-specific conditions. Filters are used to exclude areas not appropriate for agriculture (forests, protected areas, inhabited areas and infrastructure corridors) and considering competing uses of land, such as food production, pastures and meadows, land requirements of non-agriculture sectors. Overall this allows stakeholders to structure or revise their land-use planning, while accounting for future bioenergy developments and safeguarding food production and supply.
- Forestry: This uses the Woodfuel Integrated Supply/Demand Overview Mapping model (WISDOM), which is a spatially explicit analysis of the supply and demand of fuelwood, forest harvesting residues and wood processing residues.
- Water: The Analytical Framework considers water analyses to assess the implications of water in bioenergy development both at product level and basin level. The tools used are the water footprint and the Water Evaluation and Planning system (WEAP).
The Techno-economic and Environmental Analyses generate information on bioenergy production costs and the impact that different bioenergy production pathways have on GHG emissions.
- The bioenergy production costs are based on biomass feedstocks, fuel type and different production technologies. Within the analysis, scenarios are identified to determine type and amount of fuel, feedstock, conversion technologies, and who is to supply the feedstock (e.g. smallholders/outgrowers, commercial estates or a mix of both).
- The GHG analysis defines the GHG balance for the production of biofuels based on the scenarios identified in the production cost analysis. In the case of liquid biofuels, the analysis accounts for impacts related to potential direct land-use changes and crop-to-crop changes. The analysis also account for the GHG emissions from the processing of biomass to biofuel, and from the transportation of the biomass from field to plant and of the biofuel from plant to market. The analysis allows to identify the bioenergy production pathways that can deliver the largest greenhouse gas emission reductions.
The Socio-economic Analysis addresses the economy-wide impacts and includes a household food security and vulnerability analysis as well.
- Economy-wide impacts: Thisallows to define the impacts of developing a bioenergy sector on the economy as a whole including labour, growth and poverty impacts. The analysis builds on the results of the Techno-economic Analysis, bringing them into a nation-wide model. The structure of the model includes a detailed breakdown of the agricultural sector and of the other sectors of the economy. Biofuel scenarios differ according to their production technologies and strategies, namely feedstock, scale of feedstock production and intensive versus extensive strategies. The model assesses whether the implementation of a new sector, such as bioenergy, can be beneficial for economic growth and poverty reduction. The analysis can be very helpful in giving policy-makers a sense of how particular bioenergy investments will affect broader development objectives outside of the biofuels sector itself (e.g., national economic growth, household incomes, etc).
- Household Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis: This is based on household level survey data and can assist policymakers in understanding which segments of the population could be vulnerable to price changes in the country. The analysis provides evidence that allows to differentiate households by typology when considering specific safeguard programmes.