-- More than 60 million people are
currently affected by food emergencies and are in need of
assistance, according to the UN Food and Agriculture
Organization (FAO). FAO launched an appeal for a total of around
US$88.5 million to carry out agriculture relief aid in 17 crisis
countries and regions in the next year.
FAO is responsible for the agricultural part of the
United Nations Consolidated Inter-Agency Appeals 2003, which
were launched today.
for funds is based on conservative estimates," said
Fernanda Guerrieri, Chief of the Emergency Operations Service.
"We are calling for the real minimum in priority
countries where the needs are biggest. These countries are
either in a critical post-conflict situation or suffering from a
combination of conflicts and natural disasters."
"The distribution of seeds, tools,
fertilizers and veterinary drugs and the provision of basic
technical assistance give people in the poorest countries the
chance to regain their self-sufficiency. People want to produce
their own food. They don't want to be dependent on food
Agriculture sometimes tends
to be overlooked by the donor community, Guerrieri said.
"Agriculture is a complex sector which often
doesn't yield immediate results. But agriculture is what
rural people know and rely on. The development of agriculture in
the most vulnerable countries which provides the basis of
people's survival and can contribute to peace and
particular, FAO seeks international assistance for
Civil strife and adverse weather is set to exacerbate
an already poor food security situation in southern Sudan. Large
numbers of people have been displaced and hundreds of thousands
cut off from humanitarian access. Already an estimated 3 million
internally displaced, drought-affected and vulnerable people in
different parts of the country depend on food assistance. Recent
reports indicate that food supply prospects in western and
eastern parts of the country have started to deteriorate due to
FAO is seeking support
for the provision of quality seeds, improved agricultural
technology such as animal-drawn ploughs and basic farm tools to
benefit 1.9 million food insecure people, of whom 1.5 million
live in southern Sudan. Others projects will aim to increase
crop production in drought-affected areas, to deliver
community-based animal health services and to rehabilitate the
required: US$19 million
4.3 million people are currently estimated to be at risk in
Angola. Most have been internally displaced during the almost
three decade long armed conflict. Harvests are inadequate,
incomes limited and access to markets and services is lacking.
This year's appeal stresses the need for a timely and
effective distribution of agricultural inputs, good quality seed
production, animal breeding, support to small fisheries and land
allocation to returned internally displaced persons.
Total amount required: US$12.7
Democratic Republic of Congo
The people of the Democratic Republic of
the Congo have suffered severe malnutrition since the beginning
of the war. Food production continues to be disrupted by the
civil war, particularly in eastern parts. Ongoing conflict and
displacement, decreased economic activity and a deterioration of
social services have made it difficult for large segments of the
population to meet their most basic needs.
For 2003, FAO proposes the following activities to
support the weakest and most vulnerable people: distribution of
agricultural and fishing tools; support to households with
children in feeding centres; production and distribution
ofqualityseedsand breedingof small animals; rehabilitation of
agricultural roads and aquaculture.
Total amount required: US$12.4
years of conflict, displacement and drought, many vulnerable
people are still in need of assistance. Better access to
improved agricultural inputs (seeds and tools), new technology
and training are needed in order to increase food production.
FAO proposes to provide inputs to
households headed by women and the elderly and to rural
households affected by HIV/AIDS. The distribution of cassava
varieties could help to increase food production of around 500
000 internally displaced people.
Total amount required: US$3.8
After ten years of civil
conflict, food production remains low in Sierra Leone and
livestock has been decimated. Household food insecurity and
malnutrition are high, exacerbated by the spread of HIV/AIDS.
The outcome of peaceful elections in 2002 has led to greater
stability, but the massive influx of refugees from Liberia has
increased tensions in camps and surrounding areas.
FAO's objective is to help restore food
production to pre-war levels and to reduce food aid dependence
by providing internally displaced persons, refugees and host
communities with agricultural inputs and training in good
farming practices. Emergency assistance will also contribute to
restore services in the sectors of seed multiplication, fish
processing, animal health and blacksmithery.
Total amount required: US$3.1
food security situation in Somalia remains unstable because of
successive years of drought and insecurity. Recent escalation of
conflict has displaced large numbers of people. The embargo on
livestock imports from Somalia to countries along the Arabian
Peninsula has hindered livestock exports, one of the major
sources of income for the Somali pastoralists.
To improve the situation of poor farmers, pastoralists
and displaced people, FAO proposes projects to provide access to
new varieties of seeds, to improve livestock production and to
assist returnees from Ethiopia and internally displaced people.
Total amount required: US$2.3
Rainfall has been very poor since October 2001,
threatening the food security of thousands of farmers and
pastoralists. The cereal harvest is expected to be around 70
percent below the average of the last 10 years. This would cover
only 12 percent of the food required. Eritrea is just recovering
from a devastating border war with Ethiopia. A large number of
people are still displaced and thousands of farmers are yet to
be demobilized. FAO is particularly concerned for the more than
one million most vulnerable people, about one third of the
FAO seeks funds
to provide seeds, fertilizers, animal feed and veterinary
equipment to the most vulnerable farm families to reduce their
dependence on food aid.
amount required: US$1.9 million
recovering from civil war and drought, continues to face a
precarious and complex humanitarian situation. Around 85 percent
of the population lives below the poverty line and chronic
malnutrition is widespread, leaving nearly one third of all
Agriculture is still the
main source of food and income. However, agricultural activities
are hampered by scarce availability of productive land, limited
inputs and dilapidated machinery and irrigation.
Donor assistance is needed to continue emergency
assistance to food insecure households; to provide seeds, tools
and fertilizers; to support irrigation and improvedwater
management and to controllocust outbreaks and animal diseases.
Special attention will be paid to women in rural areas who
cannot produce sufficient food for their needs.
Total amount required: US$2
While the national cereal supply positionis
satisfactory, a large number of the poorest Indonesians,
internally displaced people and refugees face hunger and
malnutrition. Nearly 1.4 million people are still displaced
after the crisis in 1999. Between 2 and 3 million people
continue to live in the conflict affected areas or struggle to
support internally displaced persons seeking refuge in their
communities. Malnutrition rates are high even compared to the
poorest countries in the world. Improved food security of the
internally displaced will help to avert tension with the host
FAO is planning to support
resettling and returning families and host communities with
basic agricultural kits, fishing gear and locally adapted food
required: US$1.3 million
(*) Countries and regions included in the
Sudan, Angola, Democratic Republic
of Congo, West Bank and Gaza Strip, Burundi, Democratic
People's Republic of Korea, Uganda, Sierra Leone, West
Africa, Guinea, Somalia, Tajikistan, Eritrea, Indonesia, North
Caucasus, Liberia, Great Lakes.
FAO's Emergency Operations and Rehabilitation
Division is currently active in more than 70