Normas sociales y ambientales

Normas sociales y ambientales

La FAO está a la vanguardia en la labor hacia una agricultura sostenible mediante la promoción de la protección y el uso sostenible de los recursos naturales, a la vez que se satisfacen las necesidades crecientes de la sociedad de medios de vida decentes y resilientes.

En este contexto, la FAO ha actualizado sus Directrices de Manejo Ambiental y Social para apoyar la implementación de normas ambientales y sociales. El objetivo de las Directrices es identificar, evaluar y gestionar los riesgos ambientales y sociales de un proyecto, adoptar una jerarquía de mitigación y promover sistemas agrícolas y alimentarios sostenibles.

In 2015, FAO adopted the Environmental and Social Management Guidelines (ESMG) that became an important building block for realizing FAO’s vision for sustainable food and agriculture. They establish the knowledge and tools for FAO headquarters and decentralized offices to identify and manage environmental and social risks in the organisation’s strategies, policies and field programmes, projects and sub-projects.

FAO's environmental and social standards


In addition to the standards, three processes must be put in place:

1. Disclosure

Disclosure of relevant project information helps stakeholders to effectively participate in project consultations. FAO will disclose in a timely manner information on environmental and social risks to programming that is relevant, understandable, accessible and culturally appropriate.

2. Stakeholder engagement

2. Stakeholder engagement

FAO is committed to ensuring meaningful, effective and informed participation of all relevant stakeholders in the formulation and implementation of FAO programmes and projects. Special attention should be given to ensure an adequate representation of women and groups who are most at risk of social and environmental impacts.

The term 'stakeholder' refers to individuals, groups, or organizations representing them, who are affected or are likely to be affected by project activities or to those who may have an interest in the programming activities. Government partners, civil society actors and organizations, local government actors, private sector actors and other groups are crucial stakeholders in FAO’s projects and programmes.

3. Grievance mechanisms

Stakeholders involved in FAO activities have a right to exercise their opinions, whether positive or negative, to the organization responsible for actions that affect them. Addressing grievances early and effectively mitigates, manages and resolves problems and prevents their escalation.

All FAO project/programme-level grievance redress mechanisms shall receive and address complaints related to the implementation of activities in a timely and culturally appropriate manner. In addition to project/programme-level grievance and conflict resolution mechanisms, FAO has established an Independent Accountability Mechanism with the Office of the Inspector General that sets out a system as a supplemental means of redress for concerns of affected parties as specified in the ‘Compliance reviews following complaints related to the Organization’s Environmental and Social Standards guidelines’.

Key facts

  • Within FAO’s Environmental and Social Standards are safeguards that set boundaries for FAO programmes and projects.
  • Based on the potential impact, projects are categorized as low, moderate or high risk.
  • FAO’s Environmental and Social Standards help FAO to achieve its five strategic objectives.
  • FAO is committed to upholding Environmental and Social Standards amid estimations that a further 230 million people could face acute food insecurity due to the COVID-19 pandemic.