Global Studies

The publication “Education for Rural People. The role of Education, Training and Capacity Development in Poverty Reduction and Food Security” was developed in 2009 to assist policy-makers dealing with rural poverty, food insecurity and education challenges confronting rural people. It seeks to address the correlation between education, empowerment and food security, mainly through a number of “good practice” case studies from all over the world. It is about strengthening their capacity to achieve food security.

Education in all its forms has the potential to empower people, by increasing their self-confidence, their capacity to improve their livelihoods and their participation in wider processes of social and economic change.

This book identifies different dimensions of education and training for rural people that have proven useful in developing peoples’ capacity to enhance food security. It covers formal as well as non-formal education, literacy as well as skills training. At the international level, these different dimensions of education and training for rural people are dealt with by a variety of stakeholders, including the UN agencies.

This publication is the result of the review of a collaborative effort between FAO, UNESCO and about 350 partners aiming at contributing to the implementation of the World Food Summit Plan of Action and the Dakar Framework for Action on Education for All (EFA).

Education and training need to be placed at the centre of the rural development agenda in order to contribute to eradicating extreme poverty and hunger (MDG 1), to ensure sustainable agriculture, and to build human capacity for rural development. Conversely, in order to achieve MDG 2 rural people learning needs must be addressed by the National Education for All plans of actors. This publication seek to assist agents of change to progress in this direction.

The book "Education for rural development: Towards new policy responses" is a joint study conducted by FAO and the UNESCO Institute of Education Planning (IIEP) in 2003.

The study:
• Presents a new perspective for educational development in rural areas.
• Reviews trends and innovations in basic education for rural children.
• Looks at training issues and higher education strategies to foster knowledge and skills in rural societies

More than half of the world’s population and more than 70 per cent of the world’s poor are to be found in rural areas where hunger, illiteracy and low school achievement are common. Educating a large number of people in rural areas is crucial for achieving sustainable development. Poverty reduction strategies are now placing emphasis on rural development that encompasses all those who live in rural areas. Such strategies need to address the provision of education for the many target groups: children, youth and adults, giving priority to gender imbalances. This complex and urgent challenge should be addressed systematically, through an intricate set of policy measures, at all levels of education systems.

Rapidly changing technologies and increasing globalization also suggest that better education and training have become essential for sustainable livelihoods and the competitiveness of the rural economy.

For many years, the approach followed by policy-makers and education specialists has been to focus on practical and occupational agricultural skill training provided mainly at the secondary and tertiary levels. Yet, in a spatial and economic environment increasingly shaped by non-farming activities, and in a policy context dominated by the poverty reduction agenda, education for rural development requires a holistic approach going beyond the narrow boundaries of the traditional agricultural education and training concept.

In this context, this book makes a contribution to countering conventional wisdom and educational policies that have guided the provision of education in rural areas for several decades. It uses recent sources of information to reformulate education issues in the framework of the emerging rural development discourse. Various contributions describe current trends and innovations in improving the provision and quality of basic education in rural areas. This book also discusses skill development challenges, and analyzes emerging strategies developed by innovative higher education institutions to cope with the new educational and rural environment. In so doing, it opens the door for revisiting the links between education and rural development. This publication also provides elements for public policy-makers to rethink the constraints inherited from the sectoral division of labour between ministries of education and agriculture.