El Programa de Apoyo a los Modos de Vida Sostenibles


Estrategias enfocadas en las personas

People-Centred Approaches: A brief literature review and comparison of types



Cleary D., with contributions from Pari Baumann, Marta Bruno, Ximena Flores and Patrizio Warren (September 2003) Estrategias enfocadas hacia las personas. FAO, LSP WP 5, Breve estudio bibliográfico y comparativo. Also available in English.

An overview of some people-centred approaches to rural development that are being used, or have been used, in different areas of the world. The approaches covered here are the sustainable livelihoods approach, as is being developed by the UK’s Department for International Development (DfID); the land management approach (gestion de terroirs); the farming systems approach; and some approaches that have been emerging from Latin America, and in particular territorial planning approach (ordenamiento territorial)
Applying people centred development approaches within FAO: some practical lessons Baumann P., Bruno M., Cleary D., Dubois O. and Flores X., with contributions from Warren P., Maffei T. and Johnson J. (March 2004) Aplicación de estrategias de desarrollo enfocadas hacia las personas en el ámbito de la FAO. FAO LSP WP 15, People Centred Approaches in Different Development Contexts Sub-Programme. Also available in English and French.

Focuses on people-centred or livelihood-type approaches actually used within FAO and development approaches used in different cultural-linguistic regions. The work draws some lessons on the implementation of people centred approaches in FAO and, to some extent, different development contexts (cultural, linguistic, etc).
Do sustainable livelihoods approaches have a positive impact on the rural poor? – A look at twelve case studies Neely C., Sutherland K., and Johnson J. (October 2004) D¿Los enfoques basados en los modos de vida sostenibles tienen una repercusión positiva en la población rural pobre? – Análisis de doce estudios de casos.. FAO LSP WP 16, Institutional Learning Sub-Programme. Also available in English and French.

It focuses on the sustainable livelihood (SL) approach, which builds on principles of building assets and a livelihoods focus, also incorporates principles of reduced vulnerability and sustainability as critical to achieving lasting poverty reduction. Using a livelihoods perspective along with a good developmental tool kit and appropriate sequencing can enhance the quality of a wide range of approaches to improve the lives of the rural poor.
Medios de vida de los sistemas socioproductivos de maiz y frijol en Mesoamérica FAO, 2006. Medios de vida de los sistemas socioproductivos de maiz y frijol en Mesoamérica.

Este ensayo explora la validez y el potencial del enfoque de medios de vida para el diseño e implementación de proyectos de desarrollo rural, centrándose en el sistema productivo de maízfríjol. El marco conceptual ha sido completado con la perspectiva de territorialidad, entre otros instrumentos. El ensayo ha examinando experiencias en campo para confirmar in situ el análisis y extraer lecciones prácticas. (Available in Spanish only.)
Forum on Operationalizing Participatory Ways of Applying Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches Proceedings Forum on Operationalizing Participatory Ways of Applying Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches Proceedings.

It synthesizes the main issues and lessons learned from the Inter-agency Forum on Operationalizing Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches, held at the Certosa di Pontignano, near Siena, Italy, 7-11 March 2000. The Forum brought together several agencies that had been applying or developing sustainable livelihoods (SL) approaches in their work, including CARE, the Department for International Development (DFID), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Food Programme (WFP).
Compact Disc and Web: Training Resources for People Centred Development with a Livelihoods Perspective Compact Disc and Web: Training Resources for People Centred Development with a Livelihoods Perspective. FAO and Livelihoods Connect (2006)