Livelihood Support Programme (LSP)


Access to Natural Resources - Land and Water

Land and Water – the rights interface Hodgson S., (March 2004) Land and Water – the rights interface. FAO, LSP WP 10, Access to Natural Resources Sub-Programme.

Analyses the linkages between rights to land and water. These natural resources are usually administered within different sectors and under different legal frameworks yet rural livelihoods of the poor are often dependant on access to both water and land.
Land and water rights in the Sahel: Tenure challenges of improving access to water for agriculture Cotula L., Hesse C., Sylla O., Thébaud B., Vogt G., and Vogt K. International Institute for Environmentand Development (IIED). (2006.) Land and water rights in the Sahel: Tenure challenges of improving access to water for agriculture. FAO LSP WP 25. Access to Natural Resources Sub-Programme.

It focuses on the demographic and other changes are raising new challenges for water access in the Sahel. With rapid population growth, competition over water resources for agricultural uses is increasing. In many places, water points have been at the centre of tensions and even violent clashes between users. Climate change may exacerbate the scarce and erratic nature of rainfall in the region.
Access to water, pastoral resource management and pastoralists’ livelihoods: Lessons learned from water development in selected areas of Eastern Africa (Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia) Gomes N. (2006). Access to water, pastoral resource management and pastoralists’ livelihoods: Lessons learned from water development in selected areas of Eastern Africa (Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia). FAO LSP WP 26. Access to Natural Resources Sub-Programme.

Represents part of an area of work which analyses the linkages between rights to land and water. An initial scoping paper explored the interface between land and water rights (LSP Working Paper 10: Hodgson, S. (2004). “Land and water – the rights interface”). It is complemented by two regional analyses: this Working Paper and LSP Working Paper 25: IIED. (2006). “Land and water rights in the Sahel: Tenure challenges of improving access to water for agriculture”.