Regional Office

Agricultural Economy

Agricultural Economy and Food Security Monitoring

FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia (REU) provides a wide range of information and analysis on agricultural trade, commodity markets and food security.
We focus on analysis of agricultural and rural development programmes and projects. We produce studies on agriculture in the overall economic development process, poverty reduction, comparing agricultural development at country and regional levels, and on the situation and trends of world food security.

Our work falls into the following broad themes:

  Economics of sustainable agriculture
  Markets, prices and trade
  Food security analysis and policy
  Smallholders and rural poverty
  Food security in emergencies
  Long-term perspectives

Kyrgyzstan, Crop Assessment Mission, August 2010

Photo: Armen Mehrabyan

Kyrgyzstan, Crop Assessment Mission, August 2010

For countries facing a serious food emergency, FAO/GIEWS and the World Food Programme also carry out joint Crop and Food Security Assessment Missions (CFSAMs). Their purpose is to provide timely and reliable information, so that appropriate actions can be taken by the governments, the international community, and other parties.

Food security monitoring is conducted through the Global Information System and Early Warning on Food and Agriculture (GIEWS) . It is a part of the Trade and Markets Division (EST) of FAO, and it provides information on the situation of food crops through estimates, statistics and real-time satellite images.

FAO collects information on possible "indicators" of food crisis, such as local market food supplies, retail prices and evidence of individual and community responses to food insecurity. All information is collected which might influence planted area and yields.

REU prepares the food security notes and country briefs for Armenia, Azerbaijan, Albania, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Hungary, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and updates the cereal balances on regular basis for 15 countries.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is working with its Members and the entire international community for achievement of the Millennium Development Goals