Working in close coordination with the Animal Production and Health Division (AGA) at FAO Headquarters:
- assists and coordinates a multi-disciplinary programme to promote new developments of the livestock sector in countries of the region;
- cooperates in formulation of livestock development policies with special emphasis on restructuring, modernization or revitalization of the livestock sector;
- supports capacity building in animal production and health services;
- analyses the economic and technical constraints to developing sustainable systems of animal production and associated animal products processing industries;
- assists in the formulation of integrated livestock development projects and advises on all aspects from production to consumption;
- cooperates with all relevant institutions and NGOs active in the region, in particular the European Association for Animal Production;
- promotes the organization of, and participates in technical meetings with livestock research and educational institutions involved in the livestock sector;
- assists in the identification and formulation of technical assistance programmes and projects and provides technical backstopping to the implementation of such projects;
Animal Production and Health Officer: Andriy ROZSTALNYY
This publication is currently available in Russian, but soon will be published in English, too.
Epidemiological overview and implications for countries of the European region
(FAO Document on Animal Production and Health Nr. 178)
African Swine Fever (ASF) is one of the most severe viral animal diseases. Since there are no efficient specific prevention methods (vaccination), the only means of ASF outbreak control is depopulation of pigs in the infected locations and complete ban on animals and pork products transportation from the protection zone. Therefore disease causes enormous economic losses from mortality, stamping out and restrictions in trade. Since 2008 ASF has been circulating on the territory of the Russian Federation, and continue to spread rapidly, causing big losses to pig production sector. The disease is endemic for the most of the southern regions, there is also a tendency to its establishment in the Central Federal district. More than 600 000 animals died or have been culled due to ASF during the period of 2007-mid.2012. The overall losses for this period, including indirect ones, are estimated to be around 30 billion Roubles. Since 2008 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) alerted many times about the high risk of ASF spread to neighbouring countries and probability for the disease to get established on the newly-infected territories. Such developments may lead to the expansion of ASF in the countries of Eastern Europe and beyond.
The analysis of situation in the Russian Federation, production and trade systems presented in this publication, enables to better understand epidemiology and reasons of disease spread in the region, and to identify critically important issues for its control on regional level. .