Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia (REU)
 

Response to the risk posed by pesticides

Technical support to member countries for the development of national frameworks concerning pesticide management.
 
Related projects:

  • GCP/RER/040/EC: Improving capacities to eliminate and prevent recurrence of obsolete pesticides as a model for tackling unused chemicals in the former Soviet Union (2012-2016)

The overall objective of the project is to contribute towards better protection of environment and public health in the ENPI East region and Central Asia, through reducing the risk posed by hazardous waste and chemical life cycle management in the region, placing specific emphasis on pesticides as a model group of hazardous chemicals.

Specific objectives:
Output 1.
1. To strengthen knowledge in the countries/region about the extent of the problem by completing/creating inventories of pesticide stockpiles, serving also as a model for other hazardous chemicals.
2. To strengthen national and local in-country capacity and expertise to carry out risk assessments and strategically prioritise remediation of polluted sites, safe storage and destruction of hazardous chemicals.
Output 2.
1. To improve the legislative framework in line with EU policy approaches and relevant multilateral environment agreements.
2. To prevent the recurrence of obsolete pesticides by strengthening effective life cycle management for pesticides and promoting strategies to reduce pesticide use (Output 2.3 – Save and Grow / IPM).
4. To improve awareness among decision makers and the public of the risks associated with obsolete pesticides and hazardous chemicals and the need to take action, including the costs in both human and economic terms of non-action.
Output 3.
1. To enhance cross-regional exchange of expertise and experience.
2. To improve donor coordination.

  • GCP/ARM/003/GRE: Support for Pesticide Quality Control and Residue Monitoring (2009-2012) /Armenia

The immediate objectives of the project aim at upgrading and strengthening two laboratories under the Ministry of Agriculture to achieve an international standard and laboratory accreditation according to ISO 17025: the Pesticide Quality Control Laboratory of the “Plant Protection and Plant Quarantine Service” State Non-Commercial Organization (SNCO) to improve the quality of pesticides in the market, and the Pesticide Quality Control Laboratory of the “Republican Veterinary Anti- Epizootic and Diagnostic Center” SNCO to undertake pesticide residue surveillance programs for food and feed (both SNCOs were reorganized under one single SNCO in 20111). Furthermore, awareness on pesticide related problems and improved good agricultural practices are to be achieved.
Outcome 1:
After initial difficulties in identifying a suitable candidate to assist the local architectural company in the review of the design for the Merdzavan quality control laboratory, previously prepared by the project, an international laboratory specialist was engaged. A review was carried out and the final design and Bill of Quantities for the construction part of the refurbishment were prepared, in collaboration with the international specialist and the local architectural company.
1 Republican Veterinary-Sanitary and Phytosanitary Laboratory Services SNCO of the Food Safety State Service (FSSS) under the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Armenia (established 5 May 2011).
Outcome 2:
In the reporting period, the project, together with the partner institution, conducted interviews to identify suitable candidates to work for the food safety department and particularly the pesticide residue unit within the Central Veterinary Laboratory (CVL). By the end of October the requested minimum of two chemists was available to the project.
Outcome 3:
 The availability of the staff for CVL allowed the start of specialized training programs for the staff of the Food Safety Department. Based on an assessment of the staff and their qualifications, a training plan was elaborated with a rough estimate for a time schedule. The first block of the training sessions was implemented in the reporting period. General attendance of courses fluctuated between five and ten persons per day from the Food Safety Department. The attendance is compulsory for the chemists and technicians assigned to pesticide quality control techniques, but other staff may participate in the theoretical parts if interested and when available (availability depends on other work in the laboratory). This first block of theoretical and partly practical training was concluded with written test exams for the core participants.
Outcome 4:
A seminar/workshop was organized for the staff of the food safety department on “Laboratory Environmental Health and Safety”, combined with an internal audit. The audit highlighted the prevailing problems in the laboratory, some related to design and construction, others related to work procedures. As a result of the workshop, a problem & required activity matrix was prepared and forwarded to the management of the laboratory.
Outcome 5:
The road map for ISO17025 accreditation was presented to the new management of CVL and the head of the Food Safety State Service (FSSS) in September, and the most important elements of ISO 17025 were once again presented to the deputy head of the FSSS in a brief working session, together with the management of CVL resulting in a better understanding and stronger support to the quality related activities of the laboratory. A number of quality management documents (quality manual chapters, procedures, instructions and forms) were produced as part of a quality management manual. The project also started the development of a laboratory web site to be placed on the institution’s internal network. In future, the Quality Manual too should be accessible to all staff through the network.
Outcome 6:
The project continued its activities on the development of a pesticide related database, which includes data relevant to the registration of pesticides, pesticide imports, pesticide quality control and also pesticide residue monitoring. While initially the database will be used only internally, part of the data may be shared in future with a wider range of interested parties.
Outcome 7:
A Tripartite Review of the project was carried out in November 2011 with representatives of the Ministry of Agriculture of Armenia, the Greek Government and FAO. The progress of the project was assessed, and a number of critical issues were discussed in meetings with the relevant stakeholders. As a result of the review, an eighteen month no-cost extension of the project was requested and subsequently approved by the donor.

Related Technical Cooperation Facility Projects

  • TCP/ARM/3401 baby 3: Support the Government of  Armenia in elaboration if IPM program for mole control (2012)

Technical assistance to the Ministry of Agriculture of Armenia in design and implementation of IPM system for the control of mole species  in Armenia.
The project aims to assess the existing plant protection situation especially related to the control of mole species in the country, to provide capacity building workshops using Farmer Field School (FFS) approach on IPM for the better control of mole species including good agriculture practice and nature conservation, to assist the Ministry of Agriculture of Armenia in the preparation and implementation of IPM program to control mole species
Activities:
Assessment of the existing plant protection situation especially related to the control of mole species in the country
Workshops to be organized to present existing situation in the field of plant protection  and discuss the effective ways to control mole species.
Assistance for the Ministry of Agriculture of Armenia in the preparation and implementation of IPM program to control mole species
Expected outputs: 
1. A report describing the current situation in the field of plant protection (especially mole species and the effective ways of their control)
2. Two workshops and 6 FSS will be carried out in order to enhance capacity of facilitators and farmers for better control of mole species using IPM program including good agriculture practice and nature conservation.
3. A final draft of IPM Program for the control of mole species.

  • TCP/ARM/3401 baby 3: Support the Government of  Armenia in elaboration if IPM program for potato moth control (2012)

Technical assistance to the Ministry of Agriculture of Armenia in design and implementation of IPM system for the control of key pest species  in Armenia especially the invasive potato tuber moth.
The project aims to assess the existing plant protection situation related to the control of key pest species especially of potato tuber moth in the country, to provide capacity building workshops using Farmer Field School (FFS) approach on IPM for the better control of potato tuber moth including good agriculture practice and to assist the Ministry of Agriculture of Armenia in the preparation and implementation of IPM program for 3-5 key pest species

Activities:
Assessment of the existing plant protection situation especially related to the control of mole species in the country
Workshops to be organized with the main stakeholders to identify key problems to be addressed; Objective of the first workshop is to present existing situation in the field of plant protection identify key pest species and discuss the effective ways to control potato tuber moth.
Assistance for the Ministry of Agriculture of Armenia in the preparation and implementation of IPM programs
Expected outputs: 
1. A report describing the current situation in the field of plant protection (especially of potato tuber moth and the effective ways of control)
2. Workshops will be carried out in order to enhance capacity of facilitators and farmers for better control of potato tuber moth using IPM program including good agriculture practice.
3. A final draft of IPM Program for the control of key pests.
4. Leaflets for farmers and advisers on the biology and on the IPM control of key pest species in Armenian, Russian, English languages

Response to the risk posed by pesticides
Response to the risk posed by pesticides