Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia (REU)

Response to the management of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA) and seed systems

Support for development of national PGRFA strategies and improved capacity for development and implementation of seed programs.
Related projects:

Trust Fund Projects 

  • GCP/RER/026/AUS: Increasing resilience of small scale farmers to the impacts of soaring food prices by improving capacity and institutional environment for seed production, the use of irrigation technologies and animal identification in Armenia, Kyrgyzstan and Ukraine (2009-2012)
  • GCP/MOL/001/AUS: Emergency Assistance to Flood Affected Rural Farming Households (2009-2012) /Moldova /

The objective of this project is to improve the food security situation of the most vulnerable flood affected farming households in the Republic of Moldova by ensuring planting of hybrid maize for the spring 2009 season. This objective will be achieved through the timely distribution of good quality hybrid maize seed and fertilizer.

  • GCP/RER/019/LUX: Development Assistance to farmers in remote areas of Kosovo and Montenegro (2009-2012)

Technical Cooperation Projects

  • TCP/SRB/3301: Phase 2 of TCP/YUG/3203: Support to the development of a national programme for plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (2012) /Serbia/

Overall Objective:
In supporting the development of a national programme and system in Serbia to conserve and use plant genetic resources for food and agriculture, the project will contribute to national development, food security, sustainable agriculture and the preservation of agricultural biodiversity, by improving the effective use of national plant genetic resources in plant breeding and the seed sector.
The project will provide assistance to the Republic of Serbia, in order to:

  • assess needs and opportunities for PGRFA;
  • establish a nationally coordinated PGRFA programme; and
  • strengthen institutional capacity on conservation and sustainable utilization of PGRFA.

Expected outputs
Objective 1
1.1 Report identifying all national stakeholder groups relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of PGRFA, taking into account regional and international frameworks.  National strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats identified and analyzed and current stakeholder responsibilities specified.
1.2 First National Seminar prepared and held, launching the process of cooperation and collaboration among all stakeholders and allowing discussion and approval of objectives of the project, its terms of reference and workplan.
1.3 Implementation of GPA monitored, and a national information-sharing mechanism for PGRFA established that can be easily operated in future years.
Objective 2
2.1 Establishment of an effective, widely representative National Project Committee to oversee the progress of the project.
2.2 Terms of reference for an effective and sustainable national PGRFA Coordination Committee ultimately responsible for sustained overall national strategic coordination, training and policy guidance.
2.3 National PGRFA strategy and programme presented by the National Project Committee, and adopted by all PGRFA stakeholders.
2.4 Enhanced integration of the national PGRFA program in national biodiversity strategies and action plans, and in other strategy development and planning for agriculture and rural development, environment, and research.
2.5 Support to regional, sub regional and international cooperation.
Objective 3
3.1 Improved awareness of stakeholders involved in PGRFA activities.
3.2 Enhanced institutional capacity, through the training of two scientists in genetic resources, 15 people in genebank management and germplasm conservation and sustainable use, and 15 technicians on PGRFA documentation.
3.3 Upgraded national existing collection infrastructure, to urgently and properly safeguard threatened national PGRFA collections.
3.4 Improved capacity in general plant breeding applications, including molecular tools, through the training of 15 plant breeders.

  • TCP/ARM/3302: Apricot Genetic Resources Conservation and Utilization (2011-2013) /Armenia/

The project will contribute to the sustainable development of agriculture in the country through establishing the basis for the improvement and modernization of the apricot production sector with possible future significant output to food security, employment opportunities and income generation.
The outcome of the project is: availability and proper management of genetic resources for a solid apricot industry.
Expected outputs
Output 1
Two apricot collection orchards for the purpose of genetic fund preservation established.
1.1 Select suitable sites
1.2 Land preparation
1.3 Identification of varieties/genotypes
1.4 To support the government to set up the legal and organizational basis, as well as draft a law according to which the orchards will have the status of national value
1.5 Establish a scientific group within the frame of the programme
1.6 Identify nurseries for propagation of selected materials
1.7 Implementation of the training programme
Output 2
Two foundation mother orchards with the aim to provide assistance to organizations and individuals involved in apricot planting materials growing, established.
2.1 Identify suitable site
2.2 Land preparation
2.3 Identification of varieties/genotypes of economic, ecological and biological value
2.4 Propagation of selected materials
2.5 Procurement of grafted plants when available
Output 3
Three demonstration orchards in different zones established.
3.1 Select suitable sites
3.2 Select farmers/institutions to host the orchards
3.3 Identify appropriate commercial rootstock/varieties to be planted
3.4 Apply modern production technologies
Output 4
Adequate training in improved apricot production provided to farmers and technical staff.
4.1 Preparation of training programme
4.2 Select farmers/technical staff to be trained
4.3 Implementation of the training programme

  • TCP/MOL/3302: Moldovan seed sector development in the scope of climate change and disaster risk mitigation (2011-2013) /

The project will provide tools for the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry (MAFI) through capacity building for better seeds supply and contribute to increasing agricultural production and productivity through improved policies and technical capacity of institutions in the area of seed production integrated with disaster risk mitigation and climate change adaptation.
The project aims to provide the basis, including legislative, for the development of a viable seed production for:
1. developing the seed sector through improving the policies in the area of seed production;
2. strengthening the capacity of plant breeding stations;
3. reinforcement of the technical capacity of the seed testing laboratories and the State Commission for Crop Variety Testing and Registration;
4. strengthening the Seed Association’s technical, managerial and marketing capacity to support seed/grain market liberalization.
These will make possible to produce new varieties of high quality seeds that are adapted to climate change and will improve the livelihoods of small-scale farmers who are periodically affected by natural disasters and seed price fluctuations.
Output 1: 
A clear national seed policy draft with objectives and strategies established
Output 2:
The capacity of the Research Institute for Field Crops to produce new varieties of high quality seeds adapted to climate change improved
Output 3:
The professional and technical capacities of the State Centre for Certification of Seed Materials and the State Commission for Crop Variety Testing and Registration strengthened
Output 4:
National Seed Association’s (SA) capacities further developed and strengthened, especially in the field of marketing

Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFA)
Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFA)