As economic reforms in the 1990s shifted land ownership into the hands of private smallholders, family farmers became the predominant source of agricultural production in the region. To address the absence of well-developed institutional support, FAO is implementing a Regional Initiative on Empowering Smallholders and Family Farms for Improved Rural Livelihoods and Poverty Reduction.
While international trade policy is usually implemented at the border, adherence to food safety and quality standards concerns national food safety systems as well as food safety and quality control at the enterprise level. This means that a supportive policy environment for modern agrifood trade encompasses not only border policies, but also policies and institutions at the national and enterprise level.
Stories from the field
How can small-scale agricultural producers cope with the effects of climate change, reduce their exposure to risk, and manage their farms more efficiently? A series of training sessions launched recently in Serbia covers these very topics.
Agricultural producers in Serbia have been affected by extreme weather events in recent months and years – most seriously by the catastrophic May 2014 floods, and again by floods in March this year.
Fruit and vegetables are a major source of income for rural households in mountainous Tajikistan – and essential for healthy diets. Fresh produce such as sweet cherries, onions and table grapes make up an important share of the country’s agricultural exports.
The potential to supply domestic retail and export markets remains largely untapped, but with help from FAO and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Tajikistan aims to change that.
Some 700 vulnerable internally displaced persons in Georgia could soon be earning income by growing fruit, raising rabbits, breeding cattle, beekeeping, horticulture and other agricultural activities.
Financed by the European Union, the income diversification initiative is implemented by FAO and the Livelihoods Agency of Georgia’s Ministry of Internally Displaced Persons from the Occupied Territories, Accommodation and Refugees in Georgia.