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FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia

Regional Workshop on Land Tenure and Land Consolidation - Land Banks and Impact Assessment

Prague, Czech Republic, 22/06/2008 - 26/06/2008

The regional workshop on land tenure and land consolidation in the context of land banks and impact assessment was held in June 2008 in Prague. It was sponsored by the Ministry of Agriculture, Czech Republic, and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

The 2008 Regional Workshop built on the foundation laid by earlier regional workshops on land consolidation and it is part of FAO's programme to assist countries to develop responses to their problems of land fragmentation and adverse rural conditions. It provided an opportunity for senior officials responsible for land consolidation and rural development in countries of the region, particularly from CIS countries, to learn about land banking and impact assessment. It helped to reinforce and consolidate the knowledge gained by participants in the series of workshops since 2005, and to strengthen the peer network of professionals who are responsible for implementing land consolidation across the region.

  • Land banking as an instrument for efficient land administration and land consolidation
  • Methodologies for monitoring, evaluation and impact assessment of land consolidation

The first technical session introduced the principle of land banking and key-experts provided their experience with this instrument. Several countries in Europe (e.g. The Netherlands, Denmark, Poland, Portugal and Spain) have introduced different systems of "land banks" in support of land consolidation. This session provided a much needed update on the developments that were reported at the 2004 FAO workshop in Tonder, Denmark: many more countries are now ready to consider land banking as part of their land consolidation efforts.

The second technical session gave an overview of different methodologies for evaluating the impact of land consolidation, whereas the initial work in land consolidation has been on introducing pilot projects where the primary emphasis was on developing and testing approaches and identifying problems and solutions. As countries move towards longer-term programmes of land consolidation, the evaluation of the impact becomes more important. While senior officials in land agencies now have a good understanding of land consolidation, politicians often do not. It is important for land agencies to develop the body of economic, social and environmental evidence to ensure support for programmes. It is also important to develop effective messages for landowners to explain the benefits and implications of land consolidation.

Participants came from Albania, Armenia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Serbia, Ukraine and UNMIK Kosovo. Technical sessions were led by specialists from Denmark, Galicia (Spain), Portugal, and the Netherlands under the overall guidance of FAO.

The workshop's objectives were to:

  • Inform on land banking as an instrument for efficient land administration and land consolidation and on methodologies for monitoring, evaluation and impact assessment of land consolidation;
  • Inform on recent lessons learned when implementing land consolidation in the region and exchange positive and negative experiences;
  • Strengthen the peer network of land administration professionals in Central and Eastern Europe who are responsible for implementing land consolidation projects.

Each country prepared a written case study and made a presentation at the workshop on recent activities and priorities for the future. The experiences of more advanced countries were helpful to the countries that are just starting land consolidation initiatives.

Workshop programme

Opening: Land consolidation and rural development programmes (ppt)
Richard Eberlin (FAO)

Technical session: Land banking

The Land Bank of Galicia: an innovative approach
Cristina Zolle Fernandez

Operative aspects of the Land Bank of Galicia
Marcial Diaz Manso, Cristina Zolle Fernandez, Quico Onega and Elsa Coimbra

Monitoring the Land Bank in Galicia
Francisco Onega and Elsa Coimbra

The Danish experience with land banking
Erik Blaabjerg

Perspectives on land banking in Central and Eastern European countries
Morten Hartvigsen

Technical session: Impact Assessment

Introduction to Impact Assessment
Frank Van Holst

Methodological guidance to impact assessment in land consolidation process
Vilma Daugaliene

Ex post evaluation (project level): Mondego project in Portugal in FARLAND context
Margarida Ambar

Ex post evaluation (programme level); Approach and methodologies for evaluation of Land Consolidation Policies: an example from Galicia, N.W. Spain
David Miranda, Rafael Crecente Maseda and Francisco Ónega

Country case studies

Land consolidation as an instrument to strengthen rural development in Albania
Fatbardh Sallaku and Odeta Tota

Land banking as an instrument for efficient land administration and land consolidation in Armenia
Ashot Muradyan and Mikayel Pashayan

BiH agricultural sector - An Overview (ppt)
Dusan Neskovic

Feasibility study: consolidation of land in popovo polje
Mehemd Cero

The opportunity of a State Land Hypothecation Bank Organization and its role on land consolidation and land market in Ukraine
Tetyana Kalna-Dubinyuk and Roman Shmidt

The concept of the new Croatian Law on Agricultural Land
Ana Budanko and Maja Pupacic

Land Consolidation in framework of land development in Georgia
Ketevan Ratiani and David Egiashvili

Challenges of Land Tenure Policy and Land Issue in Hungary after the Restructuring in 1990
Lajos Kecskes

Land consolidation and its nearest future in Lithuania
Giedre Leimontaite and Vilma Daugaliene

Land consolidation and rural development project proposal - EMERALD in Macedonia
Gabriela Micevska and Kiril Georgievski

Land consolidation and land trust in UNMIK Kosovo
Afrim Frrokaj and Idriz Gashi

Land market, land banking efforts and impact evaluation for land development projects in Bulgaria
Kiril Stoyanov

Main principles of the formation of a state land reserve in Estonia
Siim Maasikamae and Evelin Jurgenson

Implementation of Land Re-parceling Pilot project in Moldova
Oleg Horjan, Maxim Gorgan

Land Banks and Impact Assessment - Land Bank and Land Consolidation - the Polish case
Andrej Zadura, Adam Struziak and Magdalena Zawadzka

Land consolidation and rural development in Serbia
Maja Trajkovic and Aleksander Andric

Wrap-up and Conclusions