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Региональное отделение ФАО для Европы и Центральной Азии

Agrarian Structures Projects

Agricultural extension in Kazakhstan

The aim of the project is to strengthen and expand the Kazakh extension system in “depth, breadth and local participation”. “Depth” means the involvement of new areas in Kazakh extension services, such as food safety, environmental management, food processing and agribusiness. “Breadth” refers to the connection of new partners while “local participation” focuses on the priorities of communities and villages in extension planning. Project expected outputs are a national forum for inclusive extension planning, three demonstration projects and recommendations from these initiatives. A successful implementation of the project will allow the spread of good practices to other countries in the region.

Food losses and waste assessment

The project intends to improve understanding of the underlying causes of food losses and waste (FLW) in different countries of the region. It also aims to contribute to the global assessment and initiatives to address FLW by promoting appropriate policy interventions to mitigate its impact on the food security and incomes of smallholders in the region. The project approach is to update the assessment of FLW in the region based on the methodology applied in the Global Food Losses and Waste study. In addition it aims to identify and analyze critical points of FLW along selected food supply chains in different countries of the region.

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Formation of a Livestock Producers Group in GBAO, Tajikistan

The goal of this project is to develop a meat value chain in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO) by promoting a business model that is food safety-compliant and environmentally sustainable to link the remote mountain communities of the world-famous Pamirs to the existing market in the capital. To achieve this goal, a Livestock Producers Group will be created and trained to respond to market demand for high-quality meat. One essential project approach is to build the capacity of its participants to understand and apply value chain development concepts in a very practical sense. A successful implementation of the project will allow the duplication of good practices in other countries of the region with similar agro-climatic conditions.

Cooperation with the Eurasian Economic Commission

This project provides technical assistance to the Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC) to harmonize state support measures for agricultural economic integration among EEC member countries, including Belarus, Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation. The project will support two seminars to increase understanding on policy issues for integration of agricultural markets in the Customs Union. In addition methodologies will be discussed for measuring agricultural support among the member countries. 

Capacity building for accession to the WTO

The agrarian structures in CIS countries are undergoing profound changes, triggered in part by increasing trade integration within the region and with external trade partners. To enhance their participation in global trade, for the past decade many CIS countries have been negotiating entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO), and six of the countries are now members; Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan and Ukraine. This project aims to facilitate understanding and adoption of WTO principles in these countries, fostering a dialogue on the implications of trade and trade-related policy reforms resulting from WTO accession for agricultural development in the region.

Cooperatives and alternatives

The aim of the project is to identify the advantages, disadvantages of integrating small farms into markets through farmer cooperative groups and direct contracting in the region. An important aspect of this initiative is to understand the current enabling environment for these institutional innovations, and to propose policy changes to improve it. The project will identify driving factors, policy and support options that contribute to improved competitiveness and development of inclusive and fair value chains. The overall purpose is to understand which institutional forms are suitable and more effective in specific contexts for building a more inclusive food value chain and increasing incomes of small farmers. 

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