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FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia
Photo:  ©FAO / Nemanja Knezevic / Northfoto

Political and economic transition has had a profound impact on agricultural systems in this highly diverse region.

FAO’s Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia works with Member Governments and other partners for the eradication of food insecurity, malnutrition and rural poverty, and to ensure that agriculture contributes its full potential to each country’s national economy and well-being. 

With these needs in mind, Member Governments at the Regional Conference in 2014 endorsed two regional initiatives – on family farms and smallholder agriculture, and on agri-food trade – and established five regional priorities.

Regional perspectives and priorities

Food security and nutrition


Demand for food is on the rise across the region, and undernourishment persists in the Caucasus and Central Asia. Access to and availability of food, along with nutrition education, are a top priority. 

Animal, plant and food safety hazards


From gypsy moths to African Swine Fever, pests and diseases respect no boundaries. International coordination and well trained national personnel are crucial for preventing and controlling outbreaks, and ensuring food is safe. 

Natural resource management


Environmental threats such as climate change and loss of biodiversity put both agriculture and livelihoods at risk. Farmers across the region are part of the solution when they embrace smart resource management and sustainable agricultural practices. 

Policies for smallholder farming


Policy reform is essential to achieving food security in a new social and economic landscape. Member Governments seek policy advice to create an environment where sustainable practices can flourish and natural resources are protected. 

Regional trade integration


Member Countries seek FAO’s policy and institutional support for entry into international trade, standard-setting and economic cooperation organizations. Higher food safety standards, negotiating trade agreements and joining regional organizations such as the European Union or World Trade Organization can open doors to new markets.