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FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia

Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia 2018

The Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia 2018 provides new evidence for monitoring trends in food security and nutrition within the framework of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. The in-depth analysis of progress made against Sustainable Development Goal 2 Target 2.1  and Target 2.2, as well as the state of micronutrient deficiencies...

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This study focused on assessing the statistical of spatio-temporal impacts on grain production areas in Russian Federation, Ukraine and Kazakhstan (RUK region). A calibrated and harmonized spatio-temporal database that integrated country agricultural production at sub-national level for wheat and maize crops (area harvested, yield, production, and area planted for the study area, with remote sensing and Earth Observation (EA) data using Agriculture Stress Index (ASI) data, as well as El Niño/La Niña data was created.

 

 


Increasing exports is one of the most important priorities for governments and plays a prominent role in the development agenda in developing countries, high-income states and all countries between. On the other hand, pursuing the intensification of trade demands a deliberate policy framework tailored to country-specific needs and the interests of producers. In light of this, governments around the globe have developed various export promotion policies – some that share similar characteristics and others that are unique – that can serve as best practices to many.


This report was prepared from three comprehensive reports on the implementation of food quality policies in Croatia, Hungary and Poland. It highlights issues that were (or still are) key points in creating an effective system for protecting geographical indications and promoting quality food in these countries. As such, it can be treated as a benchmark for countries that intend to prepare, implement or reform their national food quality policies.


Promoting the links between people, places, and agrifood products can be a tool for sustainable rural development in many rural communities of the world. In fact, origin-linked products show quality attributes linked to the geographical places and people as a result of specific local know how and natural resources, and over time, a collective reputation is being built, that is identified by a geographical indication. The definition of this specific quality are fundamental tools to identify and preserve natural and human resources thus enhancing economic, social and environmental effects. The aim of this guide is to provide local stakeholders with a conceptual framework, concrete illustrations and methodologies for the promotion and preservation of quality products linked to geographical origin and for implementation of GIs. 


Agroecology pays careful attention to the design of diversified systems that selectively combine annual and perennial crops, livestock and aquatic animals, trees, soils, water and other components on farms and agricultural landscapes to enhance synergies in the context of an increasingly changing climate. Agroecology seeks to address gender inequalities by creating opportunities for women.

The publication provides an overview of Agroecology in Europe and central Asia countries, also how agroecology can support the SDGs achievement and how countries in the region can implement agroecology at national level.


FAO ’s three Regional Initiatives for Europe and Central Asia address interlinked issues to ensure the contribution of agriculture to achieve the universality of the Sustainable Development Goals. For this reason, technical teams in the region and at FAO headquarters work in close collaboration to support countries in achieving  their goals.
Initiatives 1 and 3 complement each other on ensuring that smallholders and family farmers share equitably in the benefits of improved productivity and resilience. Initiatives 2 and 3 work together on creating a policy environment that enables sustainable production and pasture management, on developing investment programmes for Climate-Smart Agriculture, on organic farming, and on reducing food losses and waste.