Main areas of attention of FAO for the subregion includes the ecological crisis in the Aral Sea; commercial overfishing of sturgeon from the Caspian Sea; illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing in inland waters; the decreased capacity of national fisheries authorities to support management and responsible development of the fisheries and aquaculture sectors, and the recovering demand for fish from fisheries and for aquaculture among consumers.
The core of the FAO fisheries programme for the sub-region is to provide technical advice to and building capacity amongst governments, fishers and aquaculturists in support of better management and responsible development of the fisheries and aquaculture sectors.
The development goal of the Central Asia Regional Programme for Fisheries and Aquaculture Development (FishDev – Central Asia) is to increase the Central Asian fisheries and aquaculture sector performance in terms of its capacity to generate food, employment and income, and in terms of its economical viability, environmental compatibility and social acceptability.
The CACFish is a Regional Fisheries Management Organization established under the article XIV of the FAO Constitution. The Central Asian and Caucasus Regional Fisheries and Aquaculture Commission became effective in 2010 through the signature and deposit of three instruments of acceptance by Armenia, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.