The side event on Monitoring and Surveillance of Cereal Crops Pests, Diseases and Weeds in Central and West Asia and North Africa region (CWANA) was held by the Sub-regional Office for Central Asia (FAO-SEC) in cooperation with Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa (FAO-RNE) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations during the 2nd International Wheat Stripe Rust Symposium on 30 April 2014 in Izmir, Turkey.
The objective of the side event was to review the activities on monitoring and surveillance of cereal crops pests, diseases and weeds carried out in CWANA Region by FAO Offices in cooperation with International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) and National Agricultural Research Systems (NARS).
33 participants comprising of researchers, experts from more than 14 countries and CIMMYT and FAO Officers attended the meeting.
Following the presentation of country reports, a discussion session on further planning was performed. Fazil Dusunceli, plant pathologist at FAO, presented the approach of organization on the management of wheat rusts to ensure the food security for people in the world. Dusunceli highlighted the importance of cereals as a stable food for the people in the region and the risk of epidemics of wheat rusts that can result with serious food loses.
Hafiz Muminjanov, Plant Production and Protection Officer at FAO SEC, stated that the survey on the activities of monitoring and surveillance of cereal crops pests, disease and weed in Central Asia have been carried out for the last two years and this year it will keep conducted.
Based on the three year results, conclusive reports will be developed and submitted to all stakeholders, including ministries and policy makers. Apart from findings on diseases, pests and weeds, the survey encompasses a broad area such as farming practices, such as crop management, and use of pesticides.
As a concluding remark, the collaboration between all stakeholders was emphasized as well as the need for its improvement by relevant institutions at national and international level. The role of communication informing the policymakers on the importance of the wheat rusts and the risks was also highlighted.