Emergency and rehabilitation projects
Unlike responses to emerging disasters, initiatives in support of the development and implementation of risk reduction and disaster preparedness policies and practices can (and should) be properly programmed.
To this effect and also to plan its relief operations in ongoing emergency (and rehabilitation) situations, the European Commission humanitarian aid department (ECHO) prepares Annual Strategies, which provide an analysis of major trends and developments in humanitarian aid at global, regional and national levels. The annual strategies are presented and discussed with partners at the Annual ECHO Partners Conference, which normally takes place around mid-December in Brussels. Individual country and thematic funding decisions are being provided through Humanitarian Implementation Plans (HIPs) that are being published on the ECHO website (http://ec.europa.eu/echo/funding/decisions_en.htm).
While FAO and ECHO both follow a centralized approach for their humanitarian assistance operations, ECHO has Technical Advisors on the ground in selected countries, whose principal tasks are:
- to assess developments and trends in humanitarian disaster situations
- to identify the most urgent needs and to liaise with partner organisations
- to manage and monitor the local response
Programming of ECHO-funded cooperation between the two institutions requires an active policy dialogue, which is ongoing both at headquarters level and in the field.