Evaluation at FAO

Now available: Inter-Agency Humanitarian Evaluation of the drought response in Ethiopia


Droughts in Ethiopia have affected millions of people between 2015 and 2018, triggering a large-scale humanitarian response from the international community. Ethiopia was selected as the focus of the Inter-Agency Humanitarian Evaluations (IAHE), because of the large-scale humanitarian contribution to the government-led response to successive droughts in the country since 2015. The global IAHE Steering Group identified the drought response in Ethiopia as a priority, and the Emergency Relief Coordinator formally launched the evaluation in late 2018. It is the first IAHE to assess the response to a slow-onset, recurrent natural disaster.

This report presents the results of the IAHE conducted to assess the response to the drought in Ethiopia between 2015 and 2018. It covers the collective response of Inter-Agency Standing Committee member organizations to recurring droughts in Ethiopia since 2015, including ongoing food insecurity in 2018. The evaluation focuses on the contributions of the international system and does not aim to evaluate the response of the Ethiopian Government.

It answers the following evaluation questions:

(1) Relevance: Do the planning documents reflect the needs and priorities of people affected by the droughts? (2) Effectiveness: Did the response reach its intended results? (3) Sustainability: Did the response help build resilience? (4) Partnerships & Localization: Did the response adequately build partnerships and involve local capacities? (5) Coordination: Was the response well coordinated?

Geographically, the evaluation considers all the drought affected areas in Ethiopia. Four regions – Afar, Oromia, Tigray, and the Somali region – were assessed in greater depthThis sample includes areas that were strongly affected by one or more of the droughts, covers both agricultural and pastoralist livelihood zones, and includes areas that were perceived as receiving different levels of humanitarian assistance as well as regions with different levels of administrative capacity.

This evaluation was jointly managed by OCHA, UNFPA and FAO.

On 26 March 2020, a presentation of the evaluation findings and recommendations will take place at the World Food Programme premises with the participation of FAO, Director of Emergencies.