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FAO recommends an Integrated Pest Management approach with the use of low-risk pesticides as the last resort. Within the group of low-risk pesticides, bio pesticides are considered to be the best option. However, if there are temporary constraints to the use of biopesticides, low-risk pesticides, e.g. products falling under WHO hazard classes III and U, can be considered.

Three fundamental steps in pesticide risk reduction:

  1. Reduce reliance on pesticides. Determine to what extent current levels of pesticide use are actually needed. Make optimum use of non-chemical pest management approaches and eliminate unjustified pesticide use.
  2. Select pesticides with the lowest risk. If use of pesticides is deemed necessary, select products with the lowest risk to human health and the environment from the available registered products that are effective against the pest or disease.
  3. Ensure proper use of the selected products for approved applications and in compliance with international standards.