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家庭农业知识平台

  秘 鲁

In Peru, family farmers represent over 80% of the total 2 million 230 thousand agricultural units (AU), according to the Family Farming National Strategy 2015-2021 (MINAGRI 2015). In other sectors, the rate rises to almost 100%. Also, more than 3 million (83%) of the 3.8 million agricultural workers, work in this sector. In six sectors of the country, agricultural workers account for over 50% of total departmental, and in seven over 30%. Therefore, the Family Farming (FF) is vital for national development. In Peru, the agricultural sector generates 30% of national employment and accounts for over 20% of GNP in some regions.

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Family farmers are made by small producers that live in extreme poverty, accounting for 90% of total agricultural units, which handle on average between 2 and 3 acres. Family farmer households are distributed by: 51% on the coast, 92% in the mountains and 83% in the jungle. In 2012, 30% of farmers are women.

In Peru, even though family farmers constitute much of the poor population and are vulnerable to food insecurity, they generate about 80% of foodstuffs in Peru, not only in quantity but also in quality, providing a variety of foods with nutritional value. The FF provides great diversity in foods and in nutritional value, often exceeding the varieties found in the industrial agriculture. However, because of a monotonous diet, 51.7% of rural children under three years suffer from anemia. The departments with the highest rates of chronic malnutrition also have high levels of consumption. Some family farmers dedicate a small portion of their land for subsistence and the rest are devoted to trade which presents more diversity in their diet.


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Family farming lex

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