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Strengthening sustainable food systems through geographical indications

Geographical indications (GIs) refer to products with specific characteristics, qualities or reputations resulting from their geographical origin. This differentiates products based on unique local features, history or distinctive characteristics linked to natural and human factors, such as soil, climate, local know-how, and traditions. GIs are recognized as intellectual property rights (IPRs) and therefore offer both a helpful marketing tool and protection of the name. Following the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) methodology of the virtuous circle of origin-linked quality,1 GIs can be used to support sustainable development and sustainable food systems. If they fulfil their potential to promote economic development and food security, they can even provide a promising territorial approach to achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In this view, ensuring economic viability is a key factor, but empirical evidence of the benefits of GIs is sparse, especially in countries where GI procedures are recent.

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Publisher: FAO
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Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO
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Year: 2018
ISBN: 978-92-5-130389-4
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Geographical coverage: Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Europe and Central Asia, European Union (European Union), North America, Latin America and the Caribbean, Near East and North Africa
Type: Report
Content language: English
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