detail
Brazil
Codex Contact Point
Brazilian Codex Contact Point, Divisão de Agricultura e Produtos de Base - Ministério das Relações Exteriores, Esplanada dos Ministérios Bl. H Anexo I Sala 531, Brasília-DF, CEP: 70 170-900 Tel: +55 61 3340 2211
E-mail: codexbrasil@inmetro.gov.br
Website:

Competent authorities

Name of authority
Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply (Secretariat of Animal and Plant Health - SDA)
Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency/Ministry of Health
Mandate/competence
The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply (MAPA), belonging to the federal government, aims to promote sustainable development of agribusiness for the benefit of Brazilian society. The MAPA, through its Secretariat of Animal and Plant Health and Inspection (SDA), is responsible for the control the sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) aspects of production and international trade of all livestock, fruits, vegetables, grains, plants, veterinary drugs, pesticides, and their components; it also registers and inspects products and activities that use genetically modified organisms, on behalf of the National Technical Commission on Biotechnology (CTNBio), which issues the relevant authorizations. The general structure of the MAPA and information on its divisions, sectors and officials is defined by Decree nº. 8.852 of September 20, 2016, which can be found on its Web site at: http://www.agricultura.gov.br
The Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency (ANVISA) was created by the Federal Law 9.782/99. It operates under special self-governing regime, i.e. as a regulatory agency with administrative independence, financial autonomy and continuity of managerial staff for the duration of its mandate. In the federal public administration structure, the Agency is linked to the Ministry of Health (MS). The Agency’s institutional mission is to protect public health through sanitary control of the production and marketing of products and services subject to health surveillance, including associated environments, processes, inputs and technologies. The Agency is also in charge of sanitary control at ports, airports and borders, and for liaison with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply, Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade, research and analytical laboratories, academia and foreign institutions on international issues related to health surveillance. ANVISA also coordinates the activities of the National Health Surveillance System (SNVS), collaborating with the states and local authorities for the Brazilian Universal Public Health System (SUS). For more information the Anvisa website is: www.anvisa.gov.br.
INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point
Anvisa has designated INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point. This employee coordinates the Food Risk Communication and Alert Network (Reali). This network was created in 2009 to promote the exchange of information on risks associated with the consumption of food, in order to allow quick decisions intended to protect the health of Brazilian consumers. Communications issued by Reali are of three types: Risk Communications, Reali Alerts and Reali News. They all seek to provide equitable information to members of the network, so that they can manage the risks that affect their jurisdictions. The Reali works through electronic mail communications (reali@anvisa.gov.br) send to the focal points, which include the coordinators of the 27 States Bodies of Sanitary Surveillance and other agencies involved in food control.

Food safety and consumer protection – laws and regulations

In due course lists of legislation related to food safety and consumer protection in each country will be provided. This will be based on FAO's database on Food Legislation (FAOLEX) verified with countries before uploading.

The national Codex programme

National Codex consultative mechanism
Brazil's National Codex Committee, the CCAB, was established in 1980 by Resolution CONMETRO 01/80. The CCAB has 14 members representing sectors related to food: the Government, industry, consumers and academia. It is coordinated and serviced by the National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology (Inmetro) The National Committee comprises an array of Technical Groups monitoring the work of individual Codex Committees and coordinated by CCAB members. These groups are open to all sectors with an interest in the topic under examination. Consumers organizations are members of the National Codex Committee and the Technical Groups. Besides, consumers are involved in the regulatory process of Anvisa through public consultation. Since 1992 bodies representing consumers (governmental and non-governmental) have been involved in the work of the Brazilian Codex Committee (CCAB). At a national level, in 2004 the National Council of Metrology, Standardization and Industrial Quality (Conmetro) approved the creation of a permanent commission of consumers with the aim of making viable the participation of consumers in standardization and regulation activities, recognizing in its terms of reference—among other aspects—that “… civil consumer defense bodies’ work together with standardization and technical regulation cannot be dispensed with, due to their legitimate nature in representing consumers’ interests and needs. One of the main reasons for civil bodies’ failure to increase their participation in the follow-up of standardization activities is the lack of financial resources”.
Providers of scientific and technical input to national consultation on Codex
Stakeholders from Academia and Private Sector provide scientific advice on toxicological and occurrence data, and also validated control measures to support the development of Code of Practices. The public and private laboratories provide occurrence data to support the establishment of maximum level (LM). The Department of Inspection of Animal Products, DIPOA/SDA/MAPA, has an Advisory Scientific Comission on Microbiology of Animal Products whose members are researchers from Academia, Public and Private Sectors that provide scientific advice on microbiological data on animal products.

Risk Assessments and Scientific Data

National bodies providing risk assessment and scientific advice
Anvisa is responsible to perform risk assessment for contaminants, food additives, pesticides, pathogens, veterinary drugs residues and novel foods. When necessary, Anvisa call a group of experts from the Academy and Research Institutes to provide scientific advices. Some Universities also perform risk assessment. The Advisory Scientific Comission on Microbiology of Animal Products of DIPOA provides support to risk assessments and risk management decisions when it is required.
Risk assessment, risk profiles, scientific opinions
Risk assessments of human exposure to deoxynivalenol (DON) and lead through in Brazil were recently held by Anvisa, with the collaboration of experts from the University of Brasilia (UnB), and will be available soon in our webpage. UnB has works in this area, which are available at http://www.toxicologia.unb.br/?pg=textos&id=13&nome=Publica%E7%F5es Some safety assessments regarding novel foods (i.e. conjugated linoleic acid and noni juice) were performed by Anvisa and are available at: http://portal.anvisa.gov.br/documents/33916/395734/Informe%2BT%25C3%25A9cnico%2Bsobre%2BCLA.pdf/51ef5f37-bc4c-4f63-9969-d47de5dd965c http://portal.anvisa.gov.br/documents/33916/388729/Informe+T%C3%A9cnico+n.+25%2C+de+maio+de+2007/f1652e84-4529-4844-9c82-9d0f889e1fd0 Other risk assessments performed by Anvisa to establish maximum levels (ML) of contaminants in the legislation or related to the approbation of novel foods or food additives required by the food industry are not available for public consultation.
Official Laboratory
Ministry of Health - Official laboratories related to food safety are stated by Decree-Law 986/1969
National Agriculture Laboratory (LANAGRO)
Official Competence
Official laboratories related to food safety are stated by Decree-Law 986/1969 (title 2, subclaus XVI) as a specific technic institution of Ministry of Health or with the same assignments in states, counties and federal district, with delegated authority. Decree 2031/2004 defined the structure of SISLAB (Brazilian System of Laboratories of Public Health), which definition of the units of Brazilian Network of Health Surveillance Laboratories. Those laboratories are listed above: INCQS: National Institute of Health Quality Control LACEN AC: Public Health Laboratory of Acre LACEN AL: Public Health Laboratory of Alagoas LACEN AP: Health Public Laboratory of Amapá LACEN AM: Public Health Laboratory of Amazonas LACEN BA: Health Public Laboratory of Bahia LACEN CE: Health Public Laboratory of Ceará LACEN DF: Health Public Laboratory of Distrito Federal LACEN ES: Health Public Laboratory of Espírito Santo LACEN GO: Health Public Laboratory of Goiás LACEN MA: Health Public Laboratory of Maranhão • LACEN MT: Health Public Laboratory of Mato Grosso • LACEN MS: Health Public Laboratory of Mato Grosso do Sul • LACEN MG: Health Public Laboratory of Minas Gerais • LACEN PA: Health Public Laboratory of Pará • LACEN PB: Health Public Laboratory of Paraíba • LACEN PR: Health Public Laboratory of Paraná • LACEN PE: Health Public Laboratory of Pernambuco • LACEN PI: Health Public Laboratory of Piauí • LACEN RJ: Health Public Laboratory of Rio de Janeiro • LACEN RN: Health Public Laboratory of Rio Grande do Norte • LACEN RS: Health Public Laboratory of Rio Grande do Sul • LACEN RO: Public Health Laboratory of Rondônia • LACEN RR: Public Health Laboratory of Roraima • LACEN SC: Public Health Laboratory of Santa Catarina • LACEN SP: Public Health Laboratory of São Paulo • LACEN SE: Public Health Laboratory of Sergipe • LACEN TO: Public Health Laboratory of Tocantins • County Laboratory of Belo Horizonte • County Laboratory of Manaus • County Laboratory of Recife • County Laboratory of Rio de Janeiro • County Laboratory of São Paulo Analytical capability of those laboratories are available in: http://novoportal.anvisa.gov.br/rede-nacional-de-laboratorios-em-vigilancia-sanitaria. Law 9.782/1999 created Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency (ANVISA), defined the Brazilian System of Health Surveillance (SNVS) and established their competencies. According this law, one of the responsibilities of Anvisa is coordinate the network of official laboratories (title 7, subclaus XVII) http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/L9782.htm.
MAPA has six official laboratories, designed as National Agriculture Laboratory (LANAGRO) involved in food safety. They are located in Porto Alegre/RS, Campinas/SP, Pedro Leopoldo/MG, Goiânia/GO, Recife/PE and Belém/PA, all of them accredited in ISO 17025.

Surveillance of foodborne diseases and monitoring of food contamination

National surveillance systems – foodborne disease in humans
The Secretariat of Health Surveillance (SVS) of the Ministry of Health (MS) is responsible for the national management of the Epidemiological Surveillance System for Foodborne Diseases (VEDTA). The Surveillance Unit of Hydro Transmission Diseases and Food (UVHA)/MS triggers the areas involved in the epidemiological investigation of the notification of suspected FBD outbreak in the Notifible Diseases Information System (SINAN). ANVISA coordinates the National Sanitary Surveillance System (SNVS) for the implementation of sanitary inspection actions of location involved with FBD outbreak to identify critical points in the food chain of the suspect food and to adopt adequate interventions and controls.
National monitoring systems – foodborne hazards in the food chain
The local health sanitary bodies (VISA), which are part of the SNVS carry out periodic inspections of commercial and industrial establishments to check compliance with legislation. Through this action it is possible the identification of hazards along the production food chain. VISA also conducts products monitoring on the market that provides analytical results that help to trace the risk profiles for different foods. All these data are recorded in the local systems and subsidize the Anvisa in the identification of productive sectors that require institutional intervention nationwide to ensure the improvement of the sanitary quality of food sold in the country. MAPA are responsible to conduct regular inspections on slaughterhouses and other industrial establishments of animal products. There is also a national sampling plan to verify the microbiological and physicochemical compliance of animal products. The laboratory results supports official decisions about interventions to ensure safety food.
Mis à jour: 15-09-2016
New Chair and Vice-Chairs to focus on strengthening participation in Codex
29 Aug 2017 - 
Rome Tuesday 29th August 2017 In a letter to all member countries sent via the six Regional  [...]
CAC40 Chairperson’s Side Event
22 Jul 2017 - 
Ms Awilo Ochieng Pernet, Chairperson of the Codex Alimentarius Commission, opened the last side event  [...]
The science that leads to Codex food safety standards
21 Jul 2017 - 
Two officers illustrated for the Codex Alimentarius Commission, during its 40th session, the way FAO  [...]
Should Codex set standards for alcoholic beverages?
21 Jul 2017 - 
The World Health Organization (WHO) led a side event at the 40th Session of the  [...]
Whole-genome sequencing – the future of food safety detection?
21 Jul 2017 - 
The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) together with the World Health Organization (WHO) led a  [...]