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Poland
Codex Contact Point
Codex Contact Point for Poland, Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection, International Cooperation Department, 30 Wspólna Street, 00-930 Warsaw Tel: +48 22 623 29 04
E-mail: kodeks@ijhars.gov.pl
Website: http://www.ijhars.gov.pl

Competent authorities

Name of authority
1. Ministry of Health/ State Sanitary Inspection
2. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development / Veterinary Inspection
3. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development / State Health and Seed Inspection Service
4. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development / Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection
5. Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland/ Office of Competition and Consumer Protection/ Trade Inspection
Additional note: Aggregated detailed overview of Food Control System in Poland is available here: http://ec.europa.eu/food/audits-analysis/ act_getProfile.cfm?pdf_id=301
Mandate/competence
1. The State Sanitary Inspection (SSI) - http://gis.gov.pl/ - Within The Ministry of Health, the State Sanitary Inspection, under the Chief Sanitary Inspector, is responsible for controls on food of plant origin and shares responsibility with the Veterinary Inspection on certain controls on the food of animal origin. The Minister of Health is coordinator of the food safety in Poland. SSI carries out public health tasks by supervising diseases control, food and nutrition safety, environmental hygiene, health promotion and other issues related to public health. In particular it is responsible for fulfilling tasks as follows: official control of foodstuffs hygiene, pesticide residues in food, contaminants in food, import of food of non-animal origin, materials and articles intended to come into contact with food, food additives, GMO in food, food supplements and novel food, fortified food, food for special nutritional purposes, nutrition and health claims, irradiation. Moreover the SSI carries out the national contact point for the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) established according to the EC General Food Law to exchange information with the European Commission and the EU Member States.
2. The tasks of the Veterinary Inspection - https://www.wetgiw.gov.pl/ - cover prevention of and fight against animal diseases and supervision of health aspects of foodstuffs of animal origin, and in particular: - examination of slaughtered animals and their meat, meat of game and other animals intended for human consumption, - border veterinary control, - supervision of safety of animal origin foodstuffs, including veterinary conditions of production, processing, storing, transporting and in limited scope the retail sale, - supervision of animals and animal origin products trade, - supervision of producing, marketing and using of feedingstuffs, - supervision of usage of pharmaceuticals and medical substances intended for animals, - control of the occurrences of chemical and biological, medicinal and radiation contamination residue in animal tissue, foodstuffs of animal origin and feedingstuffs, - supervision of health of animals intended for breeding and of health and quality aspects of biological material, - supervision of compliance with regulations on animal welfare, - control of compliance with rules for animal identification and registration, - diagnostic laboratory research conducted by veterinary hygiene institutions.
3. The main objectives of the Plant Health and Seed Inspection Service - http://piorin.gov.pl/ - are control of plant health and the marketing and use of pesticides, control of conditions of plants and plant products storage, control on existence and spreading of pests and in particular: - control and prevention of spreading of harmful organisms; - monitoring of plant protection product residues in the - plant origin food on the primary production level; - notification in RASFF system when exceeded MRLs are being detected.
4. Main tasks of Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection - http://www.ijhars.gov.pl/ - are related to ensuring fair practices in food trade including protection of consumers' interests in particular the prevention of fraudulent or deceptive practices, the adulteration of food and any other practices which may mislead the consumers. These main tasks are as follows: - Marketing quality control of agricultural and food products, at production and trading stage; - Supervision of organic farming; - Protection of regional and traditional products; - Cooperation with paying agencies in the scope of the - Common Agricultural Policy - control "ex-ante" and control "ex-post"; - Coordination of Polish cooperation with international organizations dealing with food and its marketing (including acting as FAO/WHO Codex Contact Point, UNECE WP7 Secretariat and the EU Food Fraud Contact Point for Poland).
5. In relation to food the Trade Inspection carries out: - control of products in retail food trade taking into account the labelling and misleading information to consumer, - control of legal compliance and reliability of operators engaged in business activities in the area of production, trade and services, - mediation in disputes between consumers and operators to protect consumer interests and rights, - consumer counselling.
INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point
INFOSAN Emergency contact point is located in the Chief Sanitary Inspectorate (State Sanitary Inspection) / Food Safety and Nutrition Department/ RASFF Unit

Food safety and consumer protection – laws and regulations

In due course lists of legislation related to food safety and consumer protection in each country will be provided. This will be based on FAO's database on Food Legislation (FAOLEX) verified with countries before uploading.

The national Codex programme

National Codex consultative mechanism
The Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection (AFQI), subsidiary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development acts as the FAO/WHO Codex Contact Point for Poland and performs its function according to the Codex Alimentarius Commission ”Procedural Manual” and the Decision of the Council of European Union of 11 November 2003 No 822/EC on the accession of the European Community to the Codex Alimentarius Commission. In this respect AFQI coordinates Polish cooperation and participation in work of the FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission and its advisory bodies. Codex Contact Point (CCP) coordinates all national activities related to Codex work. CCP carries out consultations with Polish experts from governmental and non-governmental bodies including: Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Health, official food control services, consumers and food industry associations, scientific and research institutes, universities and other interested parties. CCP coordinates participation of Polish delegates in Codex sessions and promotes Codex Alimentarius activities. The practical rules for the mechanism of national consultations including participation of Polish delegates in Codex meetings are followed according to the Internal Procedure of Proceeding within The Codex Works at the National Level (elaborated by the Codex Contact Point for Poland). The procedure was consulted with all relevant official authorities as well as with non-governmental organisations interested in Codex. In general all Codex activities at the national level are coordinated and supervised by the Codex Contact Point for Poland. Additionally according to the abovementioned procedure for each of the Codex work areas there is appointed one governmental body (selected on the basis of the scope of its competences) which provides the leading expertise. The authority (and appointed expert) is responsible for: - considering the Codex working documents distributed by the Codex Contact Point for Poland; - preparation of Polish comments to the working documents - representation of Poland to sessions of the respective Codex committees. Prior to each Codex meeting, where Polish representation is envisaged, detailed instruction for delegates is prepared with co-operation with all partners and when there is a need to discuss issues of special concerns for Poland, coordination meetings are being convened by the Codex Contact Point with representatives of all stakeholders concerned. Moreover Polish governmental experts take part in co-ordination meetings organised for the European Union Member States where Codex issues are discussed and EU positions are prepared.
Providers of scientific and technical input to national consultation on Codex
According to the Decision of the Council of European Union of 11 November 2003 No 822/EC on the accession of the European Community to the Codex Alimentarius Commission, national comments are subject to consultation with all Member States of the European Union. In this respect Polish input to the Codex work have been submitted to the EU Council Secretariat and included in the EU comments. In 2014-2016 main stakeholders providing expertise to Codex documents were: - Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection; - Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development; - The National Institute of Public Health – National Institute of Hygiene; - The Institute of Food and Nutrition; - West Pomeranian University of Technology; - National Association of Dairy Cooperatives. The main input has been provided to: - Codex Strategic Plan 2014-2019; - Codex Work Management and Functioning of CCEXEC; - Draft standards for aubergine, ware potatoes, kiwi; - Draft Standard for Fish Oil; - Draft COP for Sturgeon Caviar; - Appendices for Optional Final Product Requirements for Commodities in the Code of Practice for Fish and Fishery Products; - Draft Standard for Processed Cheese; - Draft Principles for the Addition of Essentials Nutrients to Foods.

Risk Assessments and Scientific Data

National bodies providing risk assessment and scientific advice
- European Food Safety Authority (EFSA); - The National Institute of Public Health – National Institute of Hygiene; -The Institute of Food and Nutrition; -The Research Regional Laboratory for Genetically Modified Food in Tarnobrzeg; - Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology; - Voivodship Sanitary and Epidemiological Station in Warsaw - Reference Laboratory for Pesticide Residues; - National Veterinary Research Institute; - Institute of Plant Protection - National Research Institute, Sośnicowice Branch, Laboratory of Pesticide Residue Research.
Risk assessment, risk profiles, scientific opinions
EFSA’s (European Food Safety Authority) opinions (available on EFSA’s website https://www.efsa.europa.eu/) Most of the scientific opinions related to point Q7 are available for the internal use.
Official Laboratory
1. Laboratory tests for official controls of food and food service in respect of food safety are carried out by 16 integrated accredited laboratories of the State Sanitary Inspectorate (SSI), which operate within an integrated system of laboratory tests for food.
2. List of official laboratories recognized by the Chief Veterinary Officer is published here: http://old.wetgiw.gov.pl/files/2059_Laboratoria% 20zatwierdzone%20przez%20Glownego %20Lekarza%20Weterynarii -%20czerwiec%202016.pdf
3. In the framework of the State Plant Health and Seed Inspection Service (SPHSIS) official surveys of pesticide residues at the level of primary production are carried out by following accredited laboratories: - Main Inspectorate of State Plant Health and Seed Inspection Service Central Laboratory in Toruń, - Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute, Department of Pesticide Residue Research in Poznań; - Plant Protection Institute-National Research Institute, Pesticide Residue Laboratory in Białystok; - Institute of Plant Protection - National Research Institute, Sośnicowice Branch, Laboratory of Pesticide Residue Research. - Institute of Horticulture, Food Safety Laboratory, Skierniewice.
4. Analyses of agricultural and food products are conducted in 5 official accredited laboratories of the Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection (AFQI) – Central Laboratory in Poznan and 4 specialised laboratories in Bialystok, Gdynia, Kielce and Lublin. More information is available at the AFQI website - http://www.ijhars.gov.pl/index.php/laboratories.html.
5. Laboratory tests for the purpose of official controls of food carried out by Trade Inspection are conducted in 6 accredited laboratories in Katowice, Kielce, Olsztyn, Poznan and Warsaw.
Official Competence
1. Official SSI’s laboratories test foods in the following scope: pesticide residues, metals harmful to health, nitrates, 3-MCPD, microbiological contamination, mycotoxins, histamine, methanol and hydrogen cyanide, permitted additives, the parameters of the purity of food additives and extraction solvents, GMOs, radioactive contamination of food, foodstuffs treated with ionizing radiation, iodine salt, foods for particular nutritional uses and food supplements, fortified foods, materials and articles intended for contact with food, PAHs, furan, trans-fatty acids, acrylamide, mineral oils, fats for frying, antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic bacteria and commensal, gluten, other parameters eg. organoleptic assessments, labelling, biological contaminants and physical.
2. The laboratories of Veterinary Inspection conduct microbiological, chemical, biochemical and physical testing of food of animal origin and feed.
3. Duties of (SPHSIS) laboratories: - chemistry of food of plant origin and environmental chemistry; - determination of pesticide residues, by combined chromatography techniques GC/LC; - evaluation of own single and multi- analytical methods according to SANCO, EUROCHEM, CORESTA etc.; - estimation of dissipation kinetics of pesticides in field-treated crops; - human health risk assessment to pesticide residue exposure; - effect of food processing on pesticide residues.
4. The laboratories of AFQI conduct biological, microbiological, chemical, biochemical, physical and sensory testing of agricultural and food products.
5. The laboratories of Trade Inspection conduct biological, chemical, biochemical, physical and sensory testing of agricultural and food products.

Surveillance of foodborne diseases and monitoring of food contamination

National surveillance systems – foodborne disease in humans
Outbreaks of foodborne diseases are immediately notified at national level. Data on the number of cases of diseases (grouped by pathogen) that can be transmitted by food and water are published bi-weekly in bulletin which is available on the publicly accessible website of National Institute of Public Health-National Institute of Hygiene: http://pzh.gov.pl. The foodborne infections surveillance is coordinated by the Epidemiological Department of the National Institute of Hygiene, which acts as the national surveillance centre for all statutorily notifiable infectious diseases.
National monitoring systems – foodborne hazards in the food chain
The State Sanitary Inspection carries out semi-annual and annual reporting system on the implementation of the sampling plan for testing food as part of official control and monitoring. These data are gathered at two levels: - local; - regional. At the local level, based on test results, the samples are registered as: not questioned (not disqualified), or questioned (disqualified). At the regional and central levels data are gathered and classified as follows: the number of all samples tested, within the official control system or under monitoring, by groups of products and areas or tests, and similar data for disqualified samples, which do not meet the requirements. The aforementioned data at the national level (central level) are gathered in accordance with the same criteria. These data are used to prepare annual reports sent to the European Commission and EFSA. Moreover, the reports received from regional level are then sent to research institutes, which after a careful analysis of the results of official controls and monitoring of food, prepare a sampling plan for the next year.
Mis à jour: 15-09-2016
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