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Italy
Codex Contact Point
Italian Codex Contact Point, Ministero delle politiche agricole alimentari e forestali (MPAAF), Dipartimento delle politiche europee e internazionali e dello sviluppo rurale (DIPEISR), Direzione Generale delle politiche internazionali e dell’Unione europea (PIUE), PIUE II, Via XX Settembre 20, 00187 - Rome, Italy Tel: +39 06 46654058
E-mail: piue2.codex@politicheagricole.it
Website:

Competent authorities

Name of authority
MH Ministry of Health
MIPAAF Ministry of Agricultural Food and Forestry Policies
Mandate/competence
http://www.salute.gov.it/portale/ministro/p4_5_5_1.jsp?lingua=italiano&label=org&menu=organizzazione
https://www.politicheagricole.it/flex/cm/pages/ServeBLOB.php/L/IT/IDPagina/8
INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point
Dr. Giuseppe Ruocco – Director General of the Directorate General for Food Hygiene, Food Safety and Nutrition.

Food safety and consumer protection – laws and regulations

In due course lists of legislation related to food safety and consumer protection in each country will be provided. This will be based on FAO's database on Food Legislation (FAOLEX) verified with countries before uploading.

The national Codex programme

National Codex consultative mechanism
The Codex Contact Point for Italy is an official of the Ministry of agricultural food and forestry policies – Directorate General of the European Union and International Policies, who fulfils the 9 core functions of Codex Contact Points set out in the Codex Procedural Manual. The Codex Contact Point also co-ordinates the national activities related to the participation of the European Union in the work of Codex, including the participation in the Codex Alimentarius Working Party of the Council of the European Union coordination meeting and the contribution to the preparation of EU replies to Codex circular letters. Consultative Working Groups meet before every Codex committee session and the European Union coordination meetings to discuss and prepare the Italian positions on the relevant agenda items. Consultations include representatives of the national administration (Ministry of agricultural food and forestry policies, Ministry of health, Ministry of economic development), of the research and technical institutions, and of consumer, agriculture and industry bodies .
Providers of scientific and technical input to national consultation on Codex
During national consultation on Codex work scientific and technical input are provided by all the stakeholders involved in the process. In addition to the contributions of the ISS - National Health Institute, of the CREA – Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l’analisi dell’economia agraria, of the ICQRF - Central Inspectorate for Fraud repression and Quality protection of the agri-food products, of the Experimental Zooprophylaxis Institutes (IZS), that are relevant for most of the Codex work, other research institutions and private organizations provide valuable input in the case of specific work. In general the input provided are reflected in the Italian participation in the definition of the European Union position papers on Codex works (e.g.: EU reply to CL 2015/21-CAC; …) and in the contribution in Codex Working Groups activities (e.g.: CCFA eWG on food additive in wine; CCFO eWG on the level of campesterol in olive oil; CCMMP WGs on processed cheese; CCFL WG on organic aquaculture; …).

Risk Assessments and Scientific Data

National bodies providing risk assessment and scientific advice
Scientific Bodies used by Italy for risk assessments and consequent management are, in the order: - European Food Safety Authority (EFSA); - European Centre for Prevention and Disease Control (ECDC); - Food Safety National Committee (CNSA); - National Health Institute, Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety (National Reference Laboratory); - The network of Experimental Zooprophylactic Institutes.
Risk assessment, risk profiles, scientific opinions
http://www.izs.it/IZS/Engine/RAServePG.php/P/256310010700/L/1e il Link dell’ Covepi? http://www.iss.it/site/attivita/issweb_istituto/uo/index.asp?idUO=1230&lang=1 http://www.salute.gov.it/portale/temi/p2_6.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=1212&area=Valutazione%20rischio%20catena%20alimentare&menu=vuoto http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/ http://www.efsa.europa.eu/it/
Official Laboratory
National Health Institute (ISS)
Experimental Zooprophylaxis Institutes (IZS)
Environment Protection Agencies (ARPA)
Public Health Laboratories (LSP) operating within the ASL’s Prevention Departments
Central Inspectorate for Fraud repression and Quality protection of the agri-food products (ICQRF)
Official Competence
At national level, the National Health Institute (ISS) is the main technical and scientific public body of the Italian National Health Service. The ISS (which is under the remit of MH) supervises the laboratories of the Italian National Health Service engaged in food and feed control and performs confirmatory analysis. Its activities include research, control, training and consultation in the interest of public health protection. An important activity of the Institute, carried out on behalf of the Minister of Health or the Regions, is inspection and quality control of food products and packaging. The ISS includes the Community Reference Laboratories for Escherichia coli (including verotoxigenic E. coli) parasites (in particular Trichinella), and the residues listed in annex I, group B 3 (c) of Directive 96/23/EC.
National Reference Centres are present in several IZS laboratories and in the ISS. All 10 IZS laboratories for the official control of feed and foodstuffs are accredited. Laboratory services for animal health, food and feed are provided by a network of public laboratories at regional level. Analyses of food of animal origin and animal health are carried out by the Experimental Zooprophylaxis Institutes (IZS). There are 10 IZS, with 90 field diagnostic units at provincial level. The IZS are subject to control and supervision by the Regions and co-ordination by the DGAHVM.
Tests on contaminants, pesticides and food of plant origin are performed by 27 Environment Protection Agencies (ARPA) with 54 local laboratories at the provincial level. ARPA comprises laboratories responsible for both environmental monitoring and for food controls. ARPA laboratories report to the local ASL and they may perform analyses for more than one ASL in a particular a region.
Official testing is also carried out by the Public Health Laboratories (LSP) operating within the ASL’s Prevention Departments. The tested matrixes include food of animal and non-animal origin, water and food contact materials. 16 LSP Laboratories had been accredited in the following Regions: Lombardia, Toscana, Marche, Sicilia and the Trento Autonomous Province.
The Central Inspectorate for Fraud repression and Quality protection of the agri-food products ( ICQRF) is the Law Enforcement Body of the MIPAAF responsible for fraud prevention. It carries out controls on labelling and quality of foodstuffs, agricultural product feed, fertilisers and plant protection products by means of its own laboratory network. The ICQRF’s Department may undertake specific control activities in the food safety field at the request of the judicial authorities. At International level, the ICQRF’s Department is the Laiason Body of contact on wine sector ( EU Reg. n.555/2008), and also is the national Authority responsible for the ex officio Protection ( EU Reg.n. 1151/2012). Furthermore, The ICQRF has important cooperations with the major e-commerce players for the protection of the Italian Geographical Indications on the web. by means of its own laboratory network. The ICQRF’s Department may undertake specific control activities in the food safety field at the request of the judicial authorities. At International level, the ICQRF’s Department is the Laiason Body of contact on wine sector ( EU Reg. n.555/2008), and also is the national Authority responsible for the ex officio Protection ( EU Reg.n. 1151/2012). Furthermore, The ICQRF has important cooperations with the major e-commerce players for the protection of the Italian Geographical Indications on the web.

Surveillance of foodborne diseases and monitoring of food contamination

National surveillance systems – foodborne disease in humans
Italy has a computer system intended for the collection of data on zoonoses, antibiotic resistance control and foodborne diseases in accordance with Directive 2003/99 EC. Such system is implemented by the Directorate General for Preventive Health Care, the Directorate General for Food Hygiene, Food Safety and Nutrition and the Directorate General for Animal Health and Veterinary Drugs. The latter holds and manages the computer system mentioned above. Moreover, Italy has a computer system for infectious diseases including human cases of infectious diseases transmitted by foodstuffs according to Ministerial Decree of 15th December 1990. This computer system is hold by the Directorate General for Preventive Health Care of the Ministry of Health (Information System on Infectious Diseases (SIMID) – MOH Italy).
National monitoring systems – foodborne hazards in the food chain
The National Information System of Zoonoses (SINZOO); The National Veterinary Information System for Food Safety (SINVSA). Both the information systems are available at the following link: https://www.vetinfo.sanita.it/
Mis à jour: 15-09-2016
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