Page tools
codexalimentarius > 主题 > 污染物

污染物

污染物指并非有意添加于食品中的物质。食品生产过程可能会导致物质在以下任何阶段进入食品:制造、处理、储存、加工或分配。污染物也可以从环境中进入食物。必须仔细监督食品中存在的这类物质,以免污染物影响食品质量或食品安全。

食品法典在污染物中的作用

食品或饲料商品中污染物的法典最高限量(最大使用量)指食品法典委员会推荐物质在商品中法定允许的最高浓度。由于许多污染物是自然产生的,所以不可能针对这些物质采取零限量。为了保护人类健康,食品法典基于详实的科学证据,致力于将这些物质保持在尽可能低的水平。

食品污染物法典委员会确定并批准食品和饲料中污染物和天然毒素的最高容许限量或指导值。它制定污染物和天然毒素重点清单,供粮农组织/世卫组织食品添加剂联合专家委员会开展风险评估。

食品污染物法典委员会审议确定食品和饲料中污染物和天然毒素的分析和采样方法,并制定和详细阐述相关主题的标准或操作规范。它还审议了食典委分配的关于食品和饲料中污染物及天然毒素的其他事项。

相关食典标准

索引 标题 委員 最新修订
EN
FR
ES
AR
ZH
RU
CXS 193-1995食品和饲料中污染物和毒素通用标准 CCCF2018
CXS 228-2001国际食品法典标准 污染物一般分析方法 CCMAS2004
CXC 49-2001Code of Practice Concerning Source Directed Measures to Reduce Contamination of Foods with ChemicalsCCCF2001
CXC 77-2017预防并减少稻米中砷污染操作规范CCCF2017
CXC 78-2017预防和减少香辛料中真菌毒素操作规范CCCF2017

新闻

Experts meet for deep dive on ciguatera fish poisoning

Experts met in FAO on 19 – 23 November 2018 to discuss ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP) and develop scientific advice for the Codex Committee on Contaminants in Food. CFP is one of the most common foodborne illnesses related to seafood consumption. While CFP has been known about for centuries, its true incidence remains unclear. In 2000 it was estimated that 10 000 – 50 000 people per year suffer from this illness. Markus Lipp, Senior Food Safety Officer, and FAO Secretary [...]
30 November 2018

Webinar addressing food safety in a nuclear emergency

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), in cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), is holding a webinar on “Food Safety in a Nuclear or Radiological Emergency” on 23 October 2018 at 11:00-14:30 UTC. The web-based discussion aims to help national experts be prepared in case of an emergency involving a significant release of radioactive material into the environment that makes water, local produce, milk from grazing animals and other foods unsafe for consumption. The IAEA safety standards call for [...]
19 October 2018

Comment on the Codex Committee on Contaminants in Food 12th Session

Dr Martin Slayne -  International Council of Grocery Manufacturers Associations Global Head Scientific & Regulatory Affairs The Hershey Company  The Codex Committee on Contaminants in Food (CCCF) provides a global forum for governments to harmonize regulatory management measures, based on common science, risk assessment and best practices. At the recent 12th meeting of the Committee, good progress was made in some areas, although a key observation when discussing the setting of Maximum Levels for contaminants was an increasing pattern of country [...]
26 March 2018
1 2

关键事实

  • 污染物指并非有意添加于食品中的物质
  • 污染物可在生产、包装、运输或储存的各个阶段进入食品中。它们也可因环境污染进入食品中
  • 食品法典已经为17种污染物,包括霉菌毒素(某些化合物产生的有毒霉菌)、金属(如砷、铅和汞)和放射性核素(如饮用水中)确定了最大限量
  • 法典最大限量确保食品中包含的污染物不会达到可能威胁人类健康的水平
  • 粮农组织/世卫组织食品添加剂联合专家委员会每年举行两次会议,以评估食品中的污染物

提高食品安全五要素

资源

粮农组织-食品安全和质量
世卫组织-化学品风险