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2019冠状病毒病(COVID-19)

2019年12月31日,首次向世卫组织驻华代表处报告了在中国武汉发现的一批不明原因肺炎病例。随后的暴发很快被确认是由一种新型冠状病毒引起的。2020年1月13日报告了中国境外的第一例病例;2020年1月30日,该疫情被宣布为国际关注的突发公共卫生事件。2020年2月11日,世卫组织宣布了新型冠状病毒疾病的名称:2019冠状病毒病(COVID-19)。世卫组织在3月11日表示,他们已经做出评估,COVID-19可定性为大流行病。

对食品安全的威胁

COVID-19大流行及其全球应对措施对我们的工作方式和确保食品安全的机制提出了前所未有的挑战,影响范围从全球标准制定到运营监督。获得安全、营养食物是全球消费者最关心的问题,许多人,无论其国家发展状况如何,都不得不花费更多的时间和精力来计划和购买食物。人们对卫生及其在疾病传播中的作用有了更多认识,有人提出疑问,食物是否在导致COVID-19的病毒传播中发挥作用。

全球贸易

全球粮食供应链也面临着压力,人们担心,涉及农民、屠宰场、食品加工厂、运输、零售商和其他方面复杂的相互作用,会由于漫长食品链上的工人患COVID-19疾病,造成港口关闭或物流和/或粮食供应中断而放缓。

确保食品安全

COVID-19是一种呼吸道疾病,主要通过人与人之间的接触以及直接接触感染者咳嗽或打喷嚏时产生的呼吸道飞沫传播。迄今为止,没有证据表明导致呼吸道疾病的病毒通过食品或食品包装传播。冠状病毒不能在食物中繁殖;它们需要动物或人类宿主来繁殖。人们从食品或食品包装中感染COVID-19的可能性极小。 环境卫生、个人卫生和食品卫生既定做法等良好原则的应用,将降低有害微生物威胁食品供应安全的可能性,无论食品来自集约型农业、小农户还是野生环境。

食品法典在COVID-19疫情中的作用

食品法典委员会制定了若干国际最佳规范,以确保总体食品卫生以及处理肉类和其他食品时的卫生,同时控制食品中的病毒。鼓励各国实施这些最佳规范。

风险为中心、以科学为基础的国际法典文本为全球食品贸易中的食品安全设定了准。法典文本为透明、基于规则的贸易环境中食品安全的广泛管理原则提供了框架,并为日益复杂的国际贸易体系中的从业者降低了风险,同时确保消费者健康得到保护

相关法典文本

索引 标题 委員 最新修订
EN
FR
ES
AR
ZH
RU
CXC 1-1969国际推荐操作规范 食品卫生总则CCFH2020
CXC 58-2005Code of Hygienic Practice for MeatCCMPH2005
CXG 26-1997Guidelines for the Design, Operation, Assessment and Accreditation of Food Import and Export Inspection and Certification SystemsCCFICS2010
CXG 47-2003Guidelines for Food Import Control SystemsCCFICS2006
CXG 79-2012食品卫生通用原则在食物病毒防控方面的应用准则CCFH2012
CXG 89-2016进口国和出口国支持食品贸易的信息交流准则CCFICS2016
CXG 20-1995Principles for Food Import and Export Inspection and Certification CCFICS1995
CXG 38-2001Guidelines for Design, Production, Issuance and Use of Generic Official CertificatesCCFICS2009

对食品法典工作的影响

COVID-19大流行严重影响了2020年法典会议的日程安排,迫使我们探索保持法典标准制定工作势头的各种不同方式。各综合主题和商品委员会仍在通过电子工作组开展工作。法典的其他机构,如执行委员会和协调委员会,在举行非正式的虚拟会议,就法典的业务连续性交换意见,同时考虑法典的核心价值——包容性、协作、建立共识和透明度,以及其他国际组织的经验。 委员会网页提供定期更新——点击委员会名称缩写了解详情。 

由于COVID-19已调整日期的会议

CCGP32
通用原则法典委员会
虚拟
08/02/202117/02/2021
CCFA52
食品添加剂法典委员会
待定
08/03/202112/03/2021
CCCF14
食品污染物法典委员会
待定
荷兰
03/05/202107/05/2021
CCMAS41
分析和采样方法法典委员会
布达佩斯
匈牙利
17/05/202121/05/2021
CCFICS25
食品进出口检验和认证系统法典委员会
虚拟
31/05/202108/06/2021
CCRVDF25
食品中兽药残留法典委员会
待定
12/07/202116/07/2021
CCPR52
农药残留法典委员会
待定
中国
26/07/202131/07/2021
TFAMR8
耐药特设法典政府间工作组
待定
韩国
04/10/202109/10/2021

即将举行的会议将重新安排

CCFL46
食品标签法典委员会
魁北克市
加拿大
26/09/2021 - 01/10/2021
CCFO27
油脂法典委员会
TBA18-22/10/2021
CCNFSDU42
营养和特殊膳食用食品法典委员会
TBC22-26/11/2021
CCFH52
食品卫生法典委员会
圣迭戈
美国
29/11 to 03/12/2021

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关键信息

  • 目前,没有证据表明引起COVID-19的病毒SARS-CoV-2可通过食物传播。
  • 冠状病毒不能在食物中生长。病毒需要活的宿主才能繁殖。
  • 避免COVID-19的最好方法是养成良好的卫生习惯。
  • 食品企业必须加强良好卫生规范。
  • 为了确保和保持获取安全食品,各国主管部门必须加强执行现有国际标准。