FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
No legislation available

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 20 June 1973

Right to water: No provisions regarding the right to water.

Natural resources: Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of Article 27 (concerning protection from deprivation of property) to the extent that the law in question makes provision for the orderly marketing or production or growth or extraction of any agricultural or fish product or mineral or water or any article or thing prepared for market or manufactured therefor of for the reasonable restriction of the use of any property in the interest of safeguarding the interests of others or the protection of tenants, licensees or others having rights in or over such property.


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
Date of original text: 06 July 1976 (1993)

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of original text: 06 July 1976 (1993)
Date of original text: 28 May 1953 (1968)


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of original text: 06 July 1976 (1993)


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of original text: 06 July 1976 (1993)
Date of original text: 28 May 1953 (1968)

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of original text: 11 September 1965 (1987)
Date of original text: 01 August 1832 (2021)

Water and Environment

Date of text: 01 July 2010

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards
Date of original text: 06 July 1976 (1993)
Date of original text: 11 September 1965 (1987)


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology
Date of original text: 11 September 1965 (1987)

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers
No legislation available


Date of text: 23 September 2021

Main basins

No basins available