FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
No legislation available

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 25 January 2009

Right to water: El artículo 16 reconoce también el derecho al agua. Asimismo se establece que toda persona tiene derecho al acceso universal y equitativo a los servicios básicos de agua potable y alcantarillado (art. 20).

Natural resources: Los recursos naturales son de carácter estratégico y de interés público para el desarrollo del país. Los recursos naturales son de propiedad y dominio directo, indivisible e imprescriptible del pueblo boliviano, y corresponderá al Estado su administración en función del interés colectivo. Son recursos naturales los minerales en todos sus estados, los hidrocarburos, el agua, el aire, el suelo y el subsuelo, los bosques, la biodiversidad, el spectro electromagnético y todos aquellos elementos y fuerzas físicas susceptibles de aprovechamiento (art. 348). El Estado, asumirá el control y la dirección sobre la exploración, explotación, industrialización, transporte y comercialización de los recursos naturales estratégicos a través de entidades públicas, cooperativas o comunitarias, las que podrán a su vez contratar a empresas privadas y constituir empresas mixtas (art. 351).

Agriculture

Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage

Governance

The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations

Infrastructure

Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use

Water and Environment

Water in environmentally-sensitive areas; ‘water demand’ by ecosystems; protection forests; water conservation zones; environmental impact assessment

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards

Groundwater

Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers