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FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 27 December 2004

Right to water: No provisions regarding the right to water.

Natural resources: Article 61 (under Chapter 3 concerning the powers of the National Assembly) stipulates that the protection of the environment, the regimes of domains, lands, forestry and mining are the domain of the law. In addition, the Economic and Social Council is obligatorily consulted on any plan or any bill of law of programme of action of environmental character (art. 100).

Date of text: 06 December 2019

Right to water: The Constitution does not mention the right to water.

Natural resources: The High Authority ensures the protection of the national heritage and transparency in the exploitation and management of natural resources. It ensures the equitable redistribution of profits generated by natural resources. It may draw the attention of public authorities in areas within its competence and make appropriate proposals (Article 149).

Agriculture

Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
No legislation available

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage

Governance

The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations

Infrastructure

Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
No legislation available

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use

Water and Environment

Water in environmentally-sensitive areas; ‘water demand’ by ecosystems; protection forests; water conservation zones; environmental impact assessment

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards

Groundwater

Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology
Date of text: 09 October 1968

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system
No legislation available

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers