FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
No legislation available

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 04 December 1982

Natural resources: Article 9: All mineral resources, waters, forests, mountains, grasslands, unreclaimed land, beaches and other natural resources are owned by the State, that is, by the whole people, with the exception of the forests, mountains, grasslands, unreclaimed land and beaches that are owned by collectives as prescribed by law. The State ensures the rational use of natural resources and protects rare animals and plants. Appropriation or damaging of natural resources by any organization or individual by whatever means is prohibited.


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
Date of original text: 29 August 2002 (2016)

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of original text: 29 August 2002 (2016)
Date of text: 26 February 2009


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of original text: 29 August 2002 (2016)
Date of original text: 28 June 2003 (2017)

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of original text: 29 August 2002 (2016)

Water and Environment

Date of original text: 29 August 2002 (2016)

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology
Date of original text: 29 August 2002 (2016)

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system
Date of original text: 29 August 2002 (2016)
Date of original text: 29 August 1997 (2016)

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers


Date of text: 02 January 2020
Date of text: 03 January 2019
Date of text: 17 January 2017
Date of text: 13 June 2021
Date of text: 25 October 2016
Date of text: 01 October 2016