FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 26 September 1960

Right to water: No provisions regarding the right to water.

Natural resources: Article 23 providing for property rights also underlines the right of property of the state over natural resources. ‘Every person, alone or jointly with others, has the right to acquire own, possess, enjoy or dispose of any movable or immovable property and has the right to respect for such right. The right of the Republic to underground water, minerals and antiquities is reserved’.


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
Date of original text: 26 September 1968 (1991)

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of original text: 08 January 1971 (2021)
Date of original text: 26 September 1961 (2021)


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of original text: 08 January 1971 (2021)


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of original text: 26 September 1961 (2021)

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of original text: 26 September 1961 (2021)
Date of original text: 26 September 2021 (2021)

Water and Environment

Date of original text: 26 September 1961 (2021)

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology
Date of original text: 26 September 1961 (2021)

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers