FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
Date of text: 04 August 2005

Constitutional provisions

Date of original text: 21 June 1996 (2020)

Right to water: L’Etat veille à assurer au citoyen l’accès à l’eau potable et à sa préservation pour les générations futures (art. 63).

Natural resources: L'Etat veille à assurer un environnement sain en vue de protéger les personnes ainsi que le développement de leur bien-être; assurer une sensibilisation continue aux risques environnementaux; l’utilisation rationnelle de l’eau, des énergies fossiles et autres ressources naturelles; la protection de l’environnement dans ses dimensions terrestre, maritime et spatiale en prenant les dispositions adéquates pour réprimer les pollueurs (art. 21).


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use

Water and Environment

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system