FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
No legislation available

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 24 January 2021

Right to water: No specific provisions regarding the right to water.

Natural resources: Article 10 states that all natural resources, if they are not lawfully vested in any person or body, belong to the State. Provision may also be made by law for the management of land, mines, minerals and waters acquired by the State after the coming into operation of this Constitution and for the control of the alienation, whether temporary or permanent, of the land, mines, minerals and waters so acquired.


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
No legislation available

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of text: 27 November 2017
Date of text: 20 March 2013


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of text: 27 November 2017
Date of text: 20 March 2013


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of text: 20 March 2013
Date of original text: 11 July 1925 (2000)
Date of original text: 30 November 1955 (2000)

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use

Water and Environment

Date of original text: 11 July 1925 (2000)
Date of original text: 11 July 1929 (2000)
Date of original text: 30 November 1955 (2000)

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards
Date of original text: 24 February 1942 (2000)


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system
Date of original text: 22 August 1933 (2000)
Date of text: 28 May 1927

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers