FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
No legislation available

Constitutional provisions

Date of original text: 23 September 1978 (2015)

Natural resources: Appendix II is concerns land and land settlement. It defines the competences and duties on these matters of the State and Provincial Councils. There shall be established a National Land Commission which shall be responsible for the formulation of national policy with regard to the use of State land. This Commission will include representatives of all Provincial Councils in the Island Provisions on Inter-Provincial Irrigation and Land Development Projects are laid down as well. Inter-Provincial Irrigation and Land Development Projects will comprise irrigation and land development schemes: a. within the Province initiated by the State and which utilize water from rivers flowing through more than one Province (a Provincial Council however, may also initiate irrigation and land development schemes within its Province utilizing water from such rivers); b. within the Province which utilize water through diversions from water systems from outside the Province.


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
Date of original text: 01 November 1946 (1973)

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of original text: 01 November 1946 (1973)


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of original text: 01 November 1946 (1973)

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of original text: 01 November 1946 (1973)

Water and Environment

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system
Date of text: 12 November 1964
Date of original text: 06 May 1924 (2021)

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers
No legislation available