FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
No legislation available

Constitutional provisions

Date of original text: 25 September 1968 (2021)

Natural resources: Nothing in section 8 (protection from deprivation of property) shall affect the making or operation of any law so far as it provides for the vesting in the State of the ownership of underground water or unextracted minerals. That section also concerns conservation of natural resources.


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
Date of original text: 25 September 1979 (1990)

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of original text: 25 September 1979 (1990)


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of original text: 25 September 1979 (1990)
Date of original text: 19 July 1971 (2021)

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of original text: 25 September 1969 (1991)

Water and Environment

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards
Date of original text: 19 July 1971 (2021)


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology
Date of original text: 25 September 1969 (1991)
Date of original text: 19 July 1971 (2021)

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system
Date of text: 27 November 2020

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers