FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
Date of text: 09 April 2013

Constitutional provisions

Date of original text: 27 September 1994 (2021)

Right to water: No provisions regarding the right to water.

Natural resources: Chapter III, article 13 states principles of national policy: accord full recognition to the rights of future generations by means of environmental protection and the sustainable development of natural resources.


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
Date of original text: 13 November 1997 (2012)
Date of text: 30 November 2001
Date of original text: 27 September 2021 (2021)

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of text: 27 September 1995


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of text: 27 September 1995
Date of text: 30 November 2001


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of text: 27 September 1995

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of original text: 14 October 1969 (1997)

Water and Environment

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards
Date of original text: 27 September 1995 (2012)
Date of text: 27 September 1995


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system
Date of original text: 27 September 1970 (2012)

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers


Date of text: 01 January 2018
Date of text: 01 September 2017
Date of text: 01 September 2016