FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 18 February 2014

Natural resources: Los recursos naturales son patrimonio nacional. La preservación del ambiente y la conservación, desarrollo y explotación racional de los recursos naturales corresponden al Estado, que podrá celebrar contratos de explotación racional de estos recursos, cuando el interés nacional lo requiera, bajo procesos transparentes y públicos (art. 102). También se prevé la facultad del Estado de celebrar contrato u otorgar concesión para la construcción y explotación racional de un canal interoceánico, las cuales deberán considerar cuando se trate de inversión con empresas extranjeras, la conformación de consorcios con empresas nacionales para promover el empleo.


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use

Water and Environment

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system