FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
No legislation available

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 13 December 1973

Right to water: No provisions regarding right to water.

Natural resources: Article 155 concerns compliants regarding any executive act or legislation affecting use of water resources or failure of any authority to exercise any of its powers with respect to the use and distribution or control of water resources.


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
Date of original text: 02 October 1879 (1976)
Date of original text: 11 February 1873 (2016)

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of original text: 02 October 1879 (1976)


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of original text: 02 October 1879 (1976)
Date of original text: 11 February 1873 (2016)

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use

Water and Environment

Water in environmentally-sensitive areas; ‘water demand’ by ecosystems; protection forests; water conservation zones; environmental impact assessment
Date of original text: 11 February 1873 (2016)
Date of text: 01 April 2018

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system
Date of text: 01 April 2018

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers


Date of text: 01 December 2018
Date of text: 01 April 2018