FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
No legislation available

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 04 February 1992

Right to water: No provisions regarding the right to water.

Natural resources: Article 14 regarding the use and maintenance of the natural resources sets forth that ‘all God-given resources of the country, both under and above ground, or in territorial waters, or within terrestrial and maritime limits to which the State jurisdiction extends, as well as the revenues accruing therefrom shall be owned by the State as specified by the law. Likewise the law shall specify the means to be employed for the utilization, protection and development of these resources in a manner conducive to the promotion of the State's interest, security and economy’(Art. 14). Further Article 15 states that no concessions shall be awarded or permission given for the utilization of the country's natural resources, except as permitted by the law.


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
Date of text: 02 July 2020
Date of text: 25 April 2016

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of text: 02 July 2020
Date of text: 25 April 2016


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of text: 02 July 2020


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of text: 02 July 2020

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use

Water and Environment

Date of text: 02 July 2020

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards
Date of text: 02 July 2020


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology
Date of text: 02 July 2020
Date of text: 25 April 2016

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system