FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
No legislation available

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 09 November 1982

Right to water: No provisions regarding right to water.

Natural resources: According to Article 43 the coasts are under the sovereignty and disposal of the state and public interest shall be taken into consideration with priority in the utilisation of sea coasts, lake shores or river banks, and of the coastal strip along the sea and lakes. Natural wealth and resources shall be placed under the control of, and put at the disposal of the State. The right to explore and exploit resources belongs to the state. The State may delegate this right to individuals or public corporations for specific periods (Article 168).


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
Date of text: 08 March 2011

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of text: 03 May 2019

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of text: 16 December 1960
Date of text: 08 March 2011

Water and Environment

Date of text: 08 March 2011

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology
Date of text: 16 December 1960

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system
Date of text: 14 January 1943
Date of text: 03 May 2019

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers


Date of text: 01 July 2019
Date of text: 01 July 2019