FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
Date of text: 09 November 2006

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 20 December 1999

Natural resources: El aprovechamiento de los recursos naturales deberá realizarse respetando el equilibrio ecológico. El Estado promoverá la manufactura nacional de materias primas provenientes de la explotación de los recursos naturales no renovables, con el fin de asimilar, crear e innovar tecnologías, generar empleo y crecimiento económico, y crear riqueza y bienestar para el puebl (art. 302). Cabe asimismo mencionar el artículo 129, el cual dispone que en los contratos que la República celebre con personas naturales o jurídicas, nacionales o extranjeras, o en los permisos que se otorguen, que afecten los recursos naturales, se considerará incluida aun cuando no estuviere expresa, la obligación de conservar el equilibrio ecológico.

Agriculture

Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of text: 28 December 2015

Governance

The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of text: 28 December 2015

Infrastructure

Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of text: 28 December 2015

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of text: 28 December 2015

Water and Environment

Water in environmentally-sensitive areas; ‘water demand’ by ecosystems; protection forests; water conservation zones; environmental impact assessment
Date of text: 28 December 2015

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards
Date of text: 28 December 2015

Groundwater

Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology
Date of text: 28 December 2015

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system