FAO.org

粮农组织主页 > FAOLEX数据库 > 国家水概述 > general profile zh
FAOLEX数据库

框架法律

适用于水资源管理的主要法律 ,其中涵盖了所有的以下几个方面︰ 行政管理;淡水资源的经营管理、 节约与利用;水的权利;水工程;水供应
没有相应的法规

宪法条款

Date of text: 11 October 1972

Right to water: The State shall combat contagious diseases through, among other things, environmental health and development of potable water availability. Article 118 defines the fundamental obligation of the State to guarantee that its population lives in a healthy environment, free of contamination (pollution), and where air, water, and foodstuffs satisfy the requirements for proper development of human life.

Natural resources: The State shall regulate, supervise, and apply, at the proper time, the measures necessary to guarantee rational use of, and benefit from, land, river and sea life, as well as forests, lands and waters, to avoid their misuse, and to ensure their preservation, renewal, and permanence (art. 120). To fulfil the objectives of the Agrarian Policy, the State shall grant necessary farm lands to rural dwellers and regulate the use of the water (art. 126). Certain lands and waters belong to the State and are of public use and therefore may not be the object of private appropriation (art. 258). Hunting, fishing and exploitation of forests shall be regulated by law, with special care in protecting and conserving the fauna and flora of the country (art. 296). Article 316 assigns certain water resources management functions to the Panama Canal Authority.

农业

用于灌溉、林业和水产养殖的水
Date of text: 21 September 1962

供水和卫生设施

公共事业或商业机构提供供水服务;用于家庭、工业或其他用途;对安全和清洁的饮用水与基本卫生设施的权力;管道供水水质;污水

治理

用于水的管理和节约的政治、 社会、 经济和行政系统;良好的做法;良好的治理;权力下放;用水者协会

基础设施

水工程;供水系统;坝;水电系统;灌溉系统
Date of text: 10 November 1947

水资源管理与水权

水资源的所有权与控制;水资源的提取与转移;水资源的分配与配额;河岸权;权利优先;免费用水

水与环境

在环境敏感区域的水; 生态系统的“水的需求';保护林;节约用水区;环境影响评价

水质和污染控制

淡水水体和地下水的质量和污染控制;农业点源和非点源污染;水质标准

地下水

位于地球的表面下面的淡水资源;含水层;地下水取水;打井;钻孔;水文地质

抗灾能力

与水有关的灾害;洪涝;干旱;水资源短缺;适应气候变化;早期预警系统/紧急干预系统

跨越国界水域

跨越国界影响;国际流域机构;国际协定;跨越国界协调;跨越国界含水层