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FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 23 May 1949

Right to water: No specific provisions regarding the right to water.

Natural resources: The Federation shall be the owner of the former Reich waterways.


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of original text: 24 August 1965 (2005)
Date of original text: 03 September 1969 (2016)


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of text: 04 August 2016
Date of original text: 26 June 2002 (2016)
Date of original text: 12 February 1991 (2002)


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of original text: 31 July 2009 (2016)
Date of text: 23 December 2016
Date of text: 20 June 2016

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of original text: 31 July 2009 (2016)
Date of original text: 12 February 1991 (2002)

Water and Environment

Water in environmentally-sensitive areas; ‘water demand’ by ecosystems; protection forests; water conservation zones; environmental impact assessment
Date of original text: 31 July 2009 (2016)
Date of original text: 02 April 1968 (2016)
Date of original text: 22 September 1994 (2016)

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards
Date of original text: 31 July 2009 (2016)
Date of text: 18 July 2017
Date of original text: 13 September 1976 (2016)


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology
Date of original text: 31 July 2009 (2016)
Date of original text: 09 November 2010 (2016)

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system