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Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
Date of original text: 03 August 1959 (2000)

Constitutional provisions

No constitutional provisions available

Agriculture

Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of text: 20 November 1957
Date of text: 20 November 1962
Date of text: 29 November 1971

Governance

The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of text: 20 November 1957
Date of text: 20 November 1965
Date of text: 30 May 1955

Infrastructure

Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of text: 07 July 1965
Date of original text: 20 October 1955 (1979)

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of text: 20 November 2017
Date of text: 20 November 1965

Water and Environment

Water in environmentally-sensitive areas; ‘water demand’ by ecosystems; protection forests; water conservation zones; environmental impact assessment
Date of text: 20 November 1957
Date of text: 20 November 1965
Date of text: 20 November 2017

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards
Date of text: 20 November 1962
Date of text: 29 November 1971

Groundwater

Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology
Date of text: 30 May 1955
Date of text: 07 July 1965

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system
Date of text: 20 November 1957
Date of text: 08 February 1960

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers